Properties

Label 2916.b.11664.1
Conductor 2916
Discriminant -11664
Mordell-Weil group \(\Z/{3}\Z \times \Z/{3}\Z\)
Sato-Tate group $D_{3,2}$
\(\End(J_{\overline{\Q}}) \otimes \R\) \(\mathrm{M}_2(\C)\)
\(\End(J_{\overline{\Q}}) \otimes \Q\) \(\mathrm{M}_2(\mathrm{CM})\)
\(\overline{\Q}\)-simple no
\(\mathrm{GL}_2\)-type yes

Related objects

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Minimal equation

Minimal equation

Simplified equation

$y^2 + y = x^6$ (homogenize, simplify)
$y^2 + z^3y = x^6$ (dehomogenize, simplify)
$y^2 = 4x^6 + 1$ (minimize, homogenize)

sage: R.<x> = PolynomialRing(QQ); C = HyperellipticCurve(R([0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1]), R([1]));
 
magma: R<x> := PolynomialRing(Rationals()); C := HyperellipticCurve(R![0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1], R![1]);
 
sage: X = HyperellipticCurve(R([1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 4]))
 
magma: X,pi:= SimplifiedModel(C);
 

Invariants

Conductor: \( N \)  \(=\)  \(2916\) \(=\) \( 2^{2} \cdot 3^{6} \)
magma: Conductor(LSeries(C)); Factorization($1);
 
Discriminant: \( \Delta \)  \(=\)  \(-11664\) \(=\) \( - 2^{4} \cdot 3^{6} \)
magma: Discriminant(C); Factorization(Integers()!$1);
 

Igusa-Clebsch invariants

Igusa invariants

G2 invariants

\( I_2 \)  \(=\) \(-960\) \(=\)  \( - 2^{6} \cdot 3 \cdot 5 \)
\( I_4 \)  \(=\) \(25920\) \(=\)  \( 2^{6} \cdot 3^{4} \cdot 5 \)
\( I_6 \)  \(=\) \(-7672320\) \(=\)  \( - 2^{9} \cdot 3^{4} \cdot 5 \cdot 37 \)
\( I_{10} \)  \(=\) \(-47775744\) \(=\)  \( - 2^{16} \cdot 3^{6} \)
\( J_2 \)  \(=\) \(-120\) \(=\)  \( - 2^{3} \cdot 3 \cdot 5 \)
\( J_4 \)  \(=\) \(330\) \(=\)  \( 2 \cdot 3 \cdot 5 \cdot 11 \)
\( J_6 \)  \(=\) \(320\) \(=\)  \( 2^{6} \cdot 5 \)
\( J_8 \)  \(=\) \(-36825\) \(=\)  \( - 3 \cdot 5^{2} \cdot 491 \)
\( J_{10} \)  \(=\) \(-11664\) \(=\)  \( - 2^{4} \cdot 3^{6} \)
\( g_1 \)  \(=\) \(6400000/3\)
\( g_2 \)  \(=\) \(440000/9\)
\( g_3 \)  \(=\) \(-32000/81\)

sage: C.igusa_clebsch_invariants(); [factor(a) for a in _]
 
magma: IgusaClebschInvariants(C); IgusaInvariants(C); G2Invariants(C);
 

Automorphism group

\(\mathrm{Aut}(X)\)\(\simeq\) $C_2^2$
magma: AutomorphismGroup(C); IdentifyGroup($1);
 
\(\mathrm{Aut}(X_{\overline{\Q}})\)\(\simeq\) $C_3:D_4$
magma: AutomorphismGroup(ChangeRing(C,AlgebraicClosure(Rationals()))); IdentifyGroup($1);
 

Rational points

All points: \((1 : -1 : 0),\, (1 : 1 : 0),\, (0 : 0 : 1),\, (0 : -1 : 1)\)

magma: [C![0,-1,1],C![0,0,1],C![1,-1,0],C![1,1,0]];
 

Number of rational Weierstrass points: \(0\)

magma: #Roots(HyperellipticPolynomials(SimplifiedModel(C)));
 

This curve is locally solvable everywhere.

magma: f,h:=HyperellipticPolynomials(C); g:=4*f+h^2; HasPointsEverywhereLocally(g,2) and (#Roots(ChangeRing(g,RealField())) gt 0 or LeadingCoefficient(g) gt 0);
 

Mordell-Weil group of the Jacobian

Group structure: \(\Z/{3}\Z \times \Z/{3}\Z\)

magma: MordellWeilGroupGenus2(Jacobian(C));
 

Generator $D_0$ Height Order
\((0 : 0 : 1) - (1 : -1 : 0)\) \(z x\) \(=\) \(0,\) \(y\) \(=\) \(x^3\) \(0\) \(3\)
\(2 \cdot(0 : -1 : 1) - (1 : -1 : 0) - (1 : 1 : 0)\) \(x^2\) \(=\) \(0,\) \(y\) \(=\) \(-z^3\) \(0\) \(3\)

2-torsion field: 6.0.186624.1

BSD invariants

Hasse-Weil conjecture: verified
Analytic rank: \(0\)
Mordell-Weil rank: \(0\)
2-Selmer rank:\(0\)
Regulator: \( 1 \)
Real period: \( 17.69503 \)
Tamagawa product: \( 3 \)
Torsion order:\( 9 \)
Leading coefficient: \( 0.655371 \)
Analytic order of Ш: \( 1 \)   (rounded)
Order of Ш:square

Local invariants

Prime ord(\(N\)) ord(\(\Delta\)) Tamagawa L-factor Cluster picture
\(2\) \(2\) \(4\) \(3\) \(1 + 2 T^{2}\)
\(3\) \(6\) \(6\) \(1\) \(1\)

Sato-Tate group

\(\mathrm{ST}\)\(\simeq\) $D_{3,2}$
\(\mathrm{ST}^0\)\(\simeq\) \(\mathrm{U}(1)\)

Decomposition of the Jacobian

Splits over \(\Q\)

Decomposes up to isogeny as the product of the non-isogenous elliptic curves:
  Elliptic curve 108.a2
  Elliptic curve 27.a4

Endomorphisms of the Jacobian

Of \(\GL_2\)-type over \(\Q\)

Endomorphism ring over \(\Q\):

\(\End (J_{})\)\(\simeq\)an order of index \(2\) in \(\Z \times \Z\)
\(\End (J_{}) \otimes \Q \)\(\simeq\)\(\Q\) \(\times\) \(\Q\)
\(\End (J_{}) \otimes \R\)\(\simeq\) \(\R \times \R\)

Smallest field over which all endomorphisms are defined:
Galois number field \(K = \Q (a) \simeq \) 6.0.34992.1 with defining polynomial \(x^{6} - 3 x^{5} + 5 x^{3} - 3 x + 1\)

Not of \(\GL_2\)-type over \(\overline{\Q}\)

Endomorphism ring over \(\overline{\Q}\):

\(\End (J_{\overline{\Q}})\)\(\simeq\)a non-Eichler order of index \(16\) in a maximal order of \(\End (J_{\overline{\Q}}) \otimes \Q\)
\(\End (J_{\overline{\Q}}) \otimes \Q \)\(\simeq\)\(\mathrm{M}_2(\)\(\Q(\sqrt{-3}) \)\()\)
\(\End (J_{\overline{\Q}}) \otimes \R\)\(\simeq\) \(\mathrm{M}_2 (\C)\)

Remainder of the endomorphism lattice by field

Over subfield \(F \simeq \) \(\Q(\sqrt{-3}) \) with generator \(2 a^{5} - 5 a^{4} - 2 a^{3} + 8 a^{2} + 4 a - 3\) with minimal polynomial \(x^{2} - x + 1\):

\(\End (J_{F})\)\(\simeq\)an order of index \(4\) in \(\Z [\frac{1 + \sqrt{-3}}{2}] \times \Z [\frac{1 + \sqrt{-3}}{2}]\)
\(\End (J_{F}) \otimes \Q \)\(\simeq\)\(\Q(\sqrt{-3}) \) \(\times\) \(\Q(\sqrt{-3}) \)
\(\End (J_{F}) \otimes \R\)\(\simeq\) \(\C \times \C\)
  Sato Tate group: $C_3$
  Not of \(\GL_2\)-type, not simple

Over subfield \(F \simeq \) 3.1.108.1 with generator \(2 a^{5} - 5 a^{4} - 3 a^{3} + 10 a^{2} + 5 a - 5\) with minimal polynomial \(x^{3} - 2\):

\(\End (J_{F})\)\(\simeq\)a non-Eichler order of index \(4\) in a maximal order of \(\End (J_{F}) \otimes \Q\)
\(\End (J_{F}) \otimes \Q \)\(\simeq\)\(\mathrm{M}_2(\)\(\Q\)\()\)
\(\End (J_{F}) \otimes \R\)\(\simeq\) \(\mathrm{M}_2 (\R)\)
  Sato Tate group: $C_{2,1}$
  Not of \(\GL_2\)-type, not simple

Over subfield \(F \simeq \) 3.1.108.1 with generator \(-a^{2} + a + 1\) with minimal polynomial \(x^{3} - 2\):

\(\End (J_{F})\)\(\simeq\)a non-Eichler order of index \(4\) in a maximal order of \(\End (J_{F}) \otimes \Q\)
\(\End (J_{F}) \otimes \Q \)\(\simeq\)\(\mathrm{M}_2(\)\(\Q\)\()\)
\(\End (J_{F}) \otimes \R\)\(\simeq\) \(\mathrm{M}_2 (\R)\)
  Sato Tate group: $C_{2,1}$
  Not of \(\GL_2\)-type, not simple

Over subfield \(F \simeq \) 3.1.108.1 with generator \(-2 a^{5} + 5 a^{4} + 3 a^{3} - 9 a^{2} - 6 a + 4\) with minimal polynomial \(x^{3} - 2\):

\(\End (J_{F})\)\(\simeq\)a non-Eichler order of index \(4\) in a maximal order of \(\End (J_{F}) \otimes \Q\)
\(\End (J_{F}) \otimes \Q \)\(\simeq\)\(\mathrm{M}_2(\)\(\Q\)\()\)
\(\End (J_{F}) \otimes \R\)\(\simeq\) \(\mathrm{M}_2 (\R)\)
  Sato Tate group: $C_{2,1}$
  Not of \(\GL_2\)-type, not simple

Additional information

The conductor 2916 of the Jacobian of this curve is the smallest known for a genus 2 Jacobian that is $\overline\Q$-isogenous to the square of an elliptic curve, equivalently, whose geometric real endomorphism algebra is isomorphic to $\mathrm M_2(\C)$., equivalently, whose Sato-Tate group has identity component isomorphic to $\mathrm U(1)$.

It is also the smallest known example of a genus 2 curve whose geometric automorphism group has order 24 (the group $D_3:C_4$ with GAP id $\langle 24,8\rangle$).