Properties

Label 52.37
Modulus $52$
Conductor $13$
Order $12$
Real no
Primitive no
Minimal yes
Parity odd

Related objects

Learn more

Show commands: Pari/GP / SageMath
sage: from sage.modular.dirichlet import DirichletCharacter
 
sage: H = DirichletGroup(52, base_ring=CyclotomicField(12))
 
sage: M = H._module
 
sage: chi = DirichletCharacter(H, M([0,7]))
 
pari: [g,chi] = znchar(Mod(37,52))
 

Basic properties

Modulus: \(52\)
Conductor: \(13\)
sage: chi.conductor()
 
pari: znconreyconductor(g,chi)
 
Order: \(12\)
sage: chi.multiplicative_order()
 
pari: charorder(g,chi)
 
Real: no
Primitive: no, induced from \(\chi_{13}(11,\cdot)\)
sage: chi.is_primitive()
 
pari: #znconreyconductor(g,chi)==1
 
Minimal: yes
Parity: odd
sage: chi.is_odd()
 
pari: zncharisodd(g,chi)
 

Galois orbit 52.k

\(\chi_{52}(33,\cdot)\) \(\chi_{52}(37,\cdot)\) \(\chi_{52}(41,\cdot)\) \(\chi_{52}(45,\cdot)\)

sage: chi.galois_orbit()
 
pari: order = charorder(g,chi)
 
pari: [ charpow(g,chi, k % order) | k <-[1..order-1], gcd(k,order)==1 ]
 

Related number fields

Field of values: \(\Q(\zeta_{12})\)
Fixed field: \(\Q(\zeta_{13})\)

Values on generators

\((27,41)\) → \((1,e\left(\frac{7}{12}\right))\)

Values

\(-1\)\(1\)\(3\)\(5\)\(7\)\(9\)\(11\)\(15\)\(17\)\(19\)\(21\)\(23\)
\(-1\)\(1\)\(e\left(\frac{1}{3}\right)\)\(i\)\(e\left(\frac{5}{12}\right)\)\(e\left(\frac{2}{3}\right)\)\(e\left(\frac{1}{12}\right)\)\(e\left(\frac{7}{12}\right)\)\(e\left(\frac{1}{6}\right)\)\(e\left(\frac{11}{12}\right)\)\(-i\)\(e\left(\frac{5}{6}\right)\)
sage: chi.jacobi_sum(n)
 
\( \chi_{ 52 }(37,a) \;\) at \(\;a = \) e.g. 2

Gauss sum

sage: chi.gauss_sum(a)
 
pari: znchargauss(g,chi,a)
 
\( \tau_{ a }( \chi_{ 52 }(37,·) )\;\) at \(\;a = \) e.g. 2

Jacobi sum

sage: chi.jacobi_sum(n)
 
\( J(\chi_{ 52 }(37,·),\chi_{ 52 }(n,·)) \;\) for \( \; n = \) e.g. 1

Kloosterman sum

sage: chi.kloosterman_sum(a,b)
 
\(K(a,b,\chi_{ 52 }(37,·)) \;\) at \(\; a,b = \) e.g. 1,2