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The group $\Gamma(N)$ is the subgroup of $\SL(2,\mathbb{Z})$ that consists of matrices congruent to the identity matrix modulo $N$. That is, $\Gamma(N)=\left\{ \begin{pmatrix} a&b\\ c&d \end{pmatrix}\in\textrm{SL}(2,\mathbb{Z})\ \Bigg|\ \begin{pmatrix} a & b \\ c & d \end{pmatrix}\equiv \begin{pmatrix} 1&0\\ 0&1 \end{pmatrix} \bmod N \right\} .$

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• Review status: reviewed
• Last edited by David Farmer on 2019-05-01 11:27:00
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