There are natural inclusion maps from lower level; the old subspace is the span of their images. For \(M\) dividing the level \(N\), and for \(t\) dividing \(\frac{N}{M}\), the maps $$ \begin{aligned} \alpha_{M, t} : S_k(\Gamma_1(M)) & \to S_k(\Gamma_1(N)) \\\\ f(q) & \mapsto f(q^t) \end{aligned} $$ induce an isomorphism \[ S_k^{\mathrm{old}}(\Gamma_1(N)) \cong \bigoplus_{M,t} \alpha_{M,t}\left(S_k^{\mathrm{new}}(\Gamma_1(M))\right). \]

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- Review status: reviewed
- Last edited by David Roe on 2018-12-13 14:19:35

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- 2018-12-13 14:19:35 by David Roe (Reviewed)