show · character.dirichlet.minimal all knowls · up · search:

A Dirichlet character $\chi$ of prime power modulus $N$ is minimal if the following conditions both hold:

  1. The conductor of $\chi$ does not lie in the open interval $(\sqrt{N},N)$, and if $N$ is a square divisible by 16 then ${\rm cond}(\chi)\in \{\sqrt{N},N\}$.

  2. Both the order and conductor of $\chi$ are minimal among the set of all Dirichlet character $\chi\psi^2$ for which ${\rm cond}(\psi){\rm cond}(\chi\psi) | N$.

This includes all primitive Dirichlet characters of prime power modulus, but not every minimal Dirichlet character of prime power modulus is primitive.

For a composite modulus $N$ with prime power factorization $N=p_1^{e_1}\cdots p_n^{e_n}$, a Dirichlet character $\chi$ of modulus $N$ is minimal if and only if every character in its unique factorization into Dirichlet characters of modulus $p_1^{e_1},\cdots,p_n^{e_n}$ is minimal. The trivial Dirichlet character is minimal.

Knowl status:
  • Review status: beta
  • Last edited by Andrew Sutherland on 2020-02-06 08:38:59
Referred to by:
History: (expand/hide all)