Properties

Label 45.2.l
Level 45
Weight 2
Character orbit l
Rep. character \(\chi_{45}(2,\cdot)\)
Character field \(\Q(\zeta_{12})\)
Dimension 16
Newform subspaces 1
Sturm bound 12
Trace bound 0

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Defining parameters

Level: \( N \) = \( 45 = 3^{2} \cdot 5 \)
Weight: \( k \) = \( 2 \)
Character orbit: \([\chi]\) = 45.l (of order \(12\) and degree \(4\))
Character conductor: \(\operatorname{cond}(\chi)\) = \( 45 \)
Character field: \(\Q(\zeta_{12})\)
Newform subspaces: \( 1 \)
Sturm bound: \(12\)
Trace bound: \(0\)

Dimensions

The following table gives the dimensions of various subspaces of \(M_{2}(45, [\chi])\).

Total New Old
Modular forms 32 32 0
Cusp forms 16 16 0
Eisenstein series 16 16 0

Trace form

\( 16q - 6q^{2} - 6q^{3} - 6q^{5} - 2q^{7} + O(q^{10}) \) \( 16q - 6q^{2} - 6q^{3} - 6q^{5} - 2q^{7} - 8q^{10} - 6q^{12} - 2q^{13} - 6q^{15} - 8q^{16} + 36q^{18} + 18q^{20} - 12q^{21} - 10q^{22} + 18q^{23} + 4q^{25} + 18q^{27} - 16q^{28} + 30q^{30} - 4q^{31} + 30q^{32} - 12q^{33} - 48q^{36} + 4q^{37} - 30q^{38} + 6q^{40} - 24q^{41} + 6q^{42} - 2q^{43} - 36q^{45} + 32q^{46} - 12q^{47} - 30q^{48} - 54q^{50} + 36q^{51} - 14q^{52} - 16q^{55} + 36q^{56} - 6q^{57} - 6q^{58} + 18q^{60} + 8q^{61} + 36q^{63} + 66q^{65} + 36q^{66} + 4q^{67} + 42q^{68} + 18q^{70} + 18q^{72} - 8q^{73} + 42q^{75} + 24q^{76} - 6q^{77} - 42q^{78} - 48q^{81} + 32q^{82} - 66q^{83} + 22q^{85} - 48q^{86} - 18q^{87} + 18q^{88} - 66q^{90} - 40q^{91} - 60q^{92} - 18q^{93} - 36q^{95} - 24q^{96} + 28q^{97} + O(q^{100}) \)

Decomposition of \(S_{2}^{\mathrm{new}}(45, [\chi])\) into newform subspaces

Label Dim. \(A\) Field CM Traces $q$-expansion
\(a_2\) \(a_3\) \(a_5\) \(a_7\)
45.2.l.a \(16\) \(0.359\) \(\mathbb{Q}[x]/(x^{16} - \cdots)\) None \(-6\) \(-6\) \(-6\) \(-2\) \(q-\beta _{5}q^{2}+(-1+\beta _{9}-\beta _{11}-\beta _{12}+\cdots)q^{3}+\cdots\)

Hecke Characteristic Polynomials

$p$ $F_p(T)$
$2$ \( 1 + 6 T + 18 T^{2} + 36 T^{3} + 58 T^{4} + 78 T^{5} + 72 T^{6} - 149 T^{8} - 354 T^{9} - 576 T^{10} - 732 T^{11} - 530 T^{12} + 480 T^{13} + 2592 T^{14} + 5496 T^{15} + 8641 T^{16} + 10992 T^{17} + 10368 T^{18} + 3840 T^{19} - 8480 T^{20} - 23424 T^{21} - 36864 T^{22} - 45312 T^{23} - 38144 T^{24} + 73728 T^{26} + 159744 T^{27} + 237568 T^{28} + 294912 T^{29} + 294912 T^{30} + 196608 T^{31} + 65536 T^{32} \)
$3$ \( 1 + 6 T + 18 T^{2} + 30 T^{3} + 30 T^{4} + 36 T^{5} + 126 T^{6} + 396 T^{7} + 819 T^{8} + 1188 T^{9} + 1134 T^{10} + 972 T^{11} + 2430 T^{12} + 7290 T^{13} + 13122 T^{14} + 13122 T^{15} + 6561 T^{16} \)
$5$ \( 1 + 6 T + 16 T^{2} + 24 T^{3} + 22 T^{4} + 30 T^{5} + 136 T^{6} + 630 T^{7} + 1831 T^{8} + 3150 T^{9} + 3400 T^{10} + 3750 T^{11} + 13750 T^{12} + 75000 T^{13} + 250000 T^{14} + 468750 T^{15} + 390625 T^{16} \)
$7$ \( 1 + 2 T + 2 T^{2} - 16 T^{3} - 66 T^{4} - 104 T^{5} + 52 T^{6} + 1072 T^{7} - 235 T^{8} + 2614 T^{9} - 2614 T^{10} + 626 T^{11} + 8430 T^{12} - 20146 T^{13} + 75264 T^{14} - 1168356 T^{15} + 4373152 T^{16} - 8178492 T^{17} + 3687936 T^{18} - 6910078 T^{19} + 20240430 T^{20} + 10521182 T^{21} - 307534486 T^{22} + 2152741402 T^{23} - 1354728235 T^{24} + 43259066704 T^{25} + 14688712948 T^{26} - 205641981272 T^{27} - 913524955266 T^{28} - 1550224166512 T^{29} + 1356446145698 T^{30} + 9495123019886 T^{31} + 33232930569601 T^{32} \)
$11$ \( ( 1 + 34 T^{2} + 652 T^{4} - 414 T^{5} + 9016 T^{6} - 9072 T^{7} + 100687 T^{8} - 99792 T^{9} + 1090936 T^{10} - 551034 T^{11} + 9545932 T^{12} + 60233074 T^{14} + 214358881 T^{16} )^{2} \)
$13$ \( 1 + 2 T + 2 T^{2} + 56 T^{3} + 144 T^{4} + 658 T^{5} + 2596 T^{6} + 4150 T^{7} + 35702 T^{8} - 23108 T^{9} - 42562 T^{10} + 1025978 T^{11} - 7929096 T^{12} - 10433170 T^{13} - 40700658 T^{14} - 417980868 T^{15} - 885935405 T^{16} - 5433751284 T^{17} - 6878411202 T^{18} - 22921674490 T^{19} - 226462910856 T^{20} + 380938449554 T^{21} - 205438644658 T^{22} - 1449992730836 T^{23} + 29123218201142 T^{24} + 44008672397950 T^{25} + 357880644840004 T^{26} + 1179241539276346 T^{27} + 3354924257637264 T^{28} + 16961005969166168 T^{29} + 7874752771398578 T^{30} + 102371786028181514 T^{31} + 665416609183179841 T^{32} \)
$17$ \( 1 + 964 T^{4} + 237772 T^{8} - 70157828 T^{12} - 47638889354 T^{16} - 5859651952388 T^{20} + 1658639798261452 T^{24} + 561647836689489604 T^{28} + 48661191875666868481 T^{32} \)
$19$ \( ( 1 - 92 T^{2} + 4132 T^{4} - 123032 T^{6} + 2693650 T^{8} - 44414552 T^{10} + 538486372 T^{12} - 4328221052 T^{14} + 16983563041 T^{16} )^{2} \)
$23$ \( 1 - 18 T + 162 T^{2} - 972 T^{3} + 4138 T^{4} - 11184 T^{5} + 3348 T^{6} + 119100 T^{7} - 338219 T^{8} - 2163498 T^{9} + 26656146 T^{10} - 182453766 T^{11} + 892508410 T^{12} - 1883089950 T^{13} - 11227491072 T^{14} + 141260851668 T^{15} - 837597200144 T^{16} + 3248999588364 T^{17} - 5939342777088 T^{18} - 22911555421650 T^{19} + 249760445962810 T^{20} - 1174335019617738 T^{21} + 3946066270423794 T^{22} - 7366333044933606 T^{23} - 26486263130754539 T^{24} + 214517281980243300 T^{25} + 138695959543296852 T^{26} - 10656224332509359568 T^{27} + 90682715899700088298 T^{28} - \)\(48\!\cdots\!76\)\( T^{29} + \)\(18\!\cdots\!58\)\( T^{30} - \)\(47\!\cdots\!26\)\( T^{31} + \)\(61\!\cdots\!61\)\( T^{32} \)
$29$ \( 1 - 148 T^{2} + 10806 T^{4} - 562376 T^{6} + 24743345 T^{8} - 973959144 T^{10} + 34914297094 T^{12} - 1155748123996 T^{14} + 35134519733316 T^{16} - 971984172280636 T^{18} + 24694218962941414 T^{20} - 579333612552397224 T^{22} + 12377769580906494545 T^{24} - \)\(23\!\cdots\!76\)\( T^{26} + \)\(38\!\cdots\!46\)\( T^{28} - \)\(44\!\cdots\!88\)\( T^{30} + \)\(25\!\cdots\!21\)\( T^{32} \)
$31$ \( ( 1 + 2 T - 78 T^{2} + 76 T^{3} + 3500 T^{4} - 7572 T^{5} - 100340 T^{6} + 131474 T^{7} + 2627523 T^{8} + 4075694 T^{9} - 96426740 T^{10} - 225577452 T^{11} + 3232323500 T^{12} + 2175815476 T^{13} - 69225287118 T^{14} + 55025228222 T^{15} + 852891037441 T^{16} )^{2} \)
$37$ \( ( 1 - 2 T + 2 T^{2} + 50 T^{3} + 680 T^{4} - 6430 T^{5} + 12750 T^{6} - 67506 T^{7} - 1916078 T^{8} - 2497722 T^{9} + 17454750 T^{10} - 325698790 T^{11} + 1274429480 T^{12} + 3467197850 T^{13} + 5131452818 T^{14} - 189863754266 T^{15} + 3512479453921 T^{16} )^{2} \)
$41$ \( ( 1 + 12 T + 190 T^{2} + 1704 T^{3} + 16861 T^{4} + 130290 T^{5} + 1067482 T^{6} + 7225794 T^{7} + 51027208 T^{8} + 296257554 T^{9} + 1794437242 T^{10} + 8979717090 T^{11} + 47645156221 T^{12} + 197418966504 T^{13} + 902519805790 T^{14} + 2337051286572 T^{15} + 7984925229121 T^{16} )^{2} \)
$43$ \( 1 + 2 T + 2 T^{2} - 112 T^{3} - 3840 T^{4} - 7982 T^{5} - 2012 T^{6} + 464698 T^{7} + 6098798 T^{8} + 19506388 T^{9} - 1100914 T^{10} - 890327938 T^{11} - 7456003800 T^{12} - 38444523010 T^{13} - 1944910962 T^{14} + 1611174599916 T^{15} + 14665036034491 T^{16} + 69280507796388 T^{17} - 3596140368738 T^{18} - 3056608690956070 T^{19} - 25490593247443800 T^{20} - 130885723924780534 T^{21} - 6959277079726786 T^{22} + 5302199293874251516 T^{23} + 71283972476632423598 T^{24} + \)\(23\!\cdots\!14\)\( T^{25} - 43482302414327908988 T^{26} - \)\(74\!\cdots\!74\)\( T^{27} - \)\(15\!\cdots\!40\)\( T^{28} - \)\(19\!\cdots\!16\)\( T^{29} + \)\(14\!\cdots\!98\)\( T^{30} + \)\(63\!\cdots\!14\)\( T^{31} + \)\(13\!\cdots\!01\)\( T^{32} \)
$47$ \( 1 + 12 T + 72 T^{2} + 288 T^{3} - 134 T^{4} - 24762 T^{5} - 246024 T^{6} - 2286006 T^{7} - 18983651 T^{8} - 98916168 T^{9} - 204929766 T^{10} + 1977304884 T^{11} + 21327903874 T^{12} + 124668663210 T^{13} + 894258211950 T^{14} + 7685415723390 T^{15} + 46309407650224 T^{16} + 361214538999330 T^{17} + 1975416390197550 T^{18} + 12943474620451830 T^{19} + 104073367303784194 T^{20} + 453485002462114188 T^{21} - 2208982075035583014 T^{22} - 50113217696402345784 T^{23} - \)\(45\!\cdots\!11\)\( T^{24} - \)\(25\!\cdots\!02\)\( T^{25} - \)\(12\!\cdots\!76\)\( T^{26} - \)\(61\!\cdots\!86\)\( T^{27} - \)\(15\!\cdots\!94\)\( T^{28} + \)\(15\!\cdots\!76\)\( T^{29} + \)\(18\!\cdots\!68\)\( T^{30} + \)\(14\!\cdots\!16\)\( T^{31} + \)\(56\!\cdots\!21\)\( T^{32} \)
$53$ \( 1 - 6680 T^{4} + 12266524 T^{8} + 25145244376 T^{12} - 161780081477882 T^{16} + 198408072989184856 T^{20} + \)\(76\!\cdots\!64\)\( T^{24} - \)\(32\!\cdots\!80\)\( T^{28} + \)\(38\!\cdots\!21\)\( T^{32} \)
$59$ \( 1 - 328 T^{2} + 54732 T^{4} - 6528848 T^{6} + 640897706 T^{8} - 55004293416 T^{10} + 4215408852016 T^{12} - 289798546717912 T^{14} + 17966936709291123 T^{16} - 1008788741125051672 T^{18} + 51079630822473449776 T^{20} - \)\(23\!\cdots\!56\)\( T^{22} + \)\(94\!\cdots\!26\)\( T^{24} - \)\(33\!\cdots\!48\)\( T^{26} + \)\(97\!\cdots\!92\)\( T^{28} - \)\(20\!\cdots\!08\)\( T^{30} + \)\(21\!\cdots\!41\)\( T^{32} \)
$61$ \( ( 1 - 4 T - 126 T^{2} + 1444 T^{3} + 6365 T^{4} - 126018 T^{5} + 435286 T^{6} + 4572842 T^{7} - 47796264 T^{8} + 278943362 T^{9} + 1619699206 T^{10} - 28603691658 T^{11} + 88128777965 T^{12} + 1219597058644 T^{13} - 6491567169486 T^{14} - 12570971344084 T^{15} + 191707312997281 T^{16} )^{2} \)
$67$ \( 1 - 4 T + 8 T^{2} + 1436 T^{3} - 5070 T^{4} + 45274 T^{5} + 890512 T^{6} - 2479154 T^{7} + 72952373 T^{8} + 410747644 T^{9} - 246911326 T^{10} + 51154442144 T^{11} + 220045950810 T^{12} + 1378484916350 T^{13} + 21635958751422 T^{14} + 133914238479582 T^{15} + 1373516219103616 T^{16} + 8972253978131994 T^{17} + 97123818835133358 T^{18} + 414597258896175050 T^{19} + 4434172580332358010 T^{20} + 69064896673193309408 T^{21} - 22335199089162546094 T^{22} + \)\(24\!\cdots\!12\)\( T^{23} + \)\(29\!\cdots\!93\)\( T^{24} - \)\(67\!\cdots\!38\)\( T^{25} + \)\(16\!\cdots\!88\)\( T^{26} + \)\(55\!\cdots\!42\)\( T^{27} - \)\(41\!\cdots\!70\)\( T^{28} + \)\(78\!\cdots\!32\)\( T^{29} + \)\(29\!\cdots\!32\)\( T^{30} - \)\(98\!\cdots\!72\)\( T^{31} + \)\(16\!\cdots\!81\)\( T^{32} \)
$71$ \( ( 1 - 452 T^{2} + 95704 T^{4} - 12356144 T^{6} + 1062541066 T^{8} - 62287321904 T^{10} + 2431999518424 T^{12} - 57901328332292 T^{14} + 645753531245761 T^{16} )^{2} \)
$73$ \( ( 1 + 4 T + 8 T^{2} - 292 T^{3} - 844 T^{4} + 28196 T^{5} + 162168 T^{6} - 417348 T^{7} - 41227034 T^{8} - 30466404 T^{9} + 864193272 T^{10} + 10968723332 T^{11} - 23968115404 T^{12} - 605336905156 T^{13} + 1210673810312 T^{14} + 44189594076388 T^{15} + 806460091894081 T^{16} )^{2} \)
$79$ \( 1 + 260 T^{2} + 23724 T^{4} + 1706392 T^{6} + 225017642 T^{8} + 14869625148 T^{10} - 181450880816 T^{12} - 19987311435172 T^{14} + 2160188956785123 T^{16} - 124740810666908452 T^{18} - 7067526505304546096 T^{20} + \)\(36\!\cdots\!08\)\( T^{22} + \)\(34\!\cdots\!62\)\( T^{24} + \)\(16\!\cdots\!92\)\( T^{26} + \)\(14\!\cdots\!84\)\( T^{28} + \)\(95\!\cdots\!60\)\( T^{30} + \)\(23\!\cdots\!21\)\( T^{32} \)
$83$ \( 1 + 66 T + 2178 T^{2} + 47916 T^{3} + 791830 T^{4} + 10596156 T^{5} + 122712084 T^{6} + 1311937572 T^{7} + 13564902253 T^{8} + 136924099746 T^{9} + 1327585690602 T^{10} + 12258029803398 T^{11} + 109901521003222 T^{12} + 994600086849090 T^{13} + 9293464416138048 T^{14} + 88105947208965780 T^{15} + 817933709355268336 T^{16} + 7312793618344159740 T^{17} + 64022676362775012672 T^{18} + \)\(56\!\cdots\!30\)\( T^{19} + \)\(52\!\cdots\!62\)\( T^{20} + \)\(48\!\cdots\!14\)\( T^{21} + \)\(43\!\cdots\!38\)\( T^{22} + \)\(37\!\cdots\!42\)\( T^{23} + \)\(30\!\cdots\!73\)\( T^{24} + \)\(24\!\cdots\!16\)\( T^{25} + \)\(19\!\cdots\!16\)\( T^{26} + \)\(13\!\cdots\!52\)\( T^{27} + \)\(84\!\cdots\!30\)\( T^{28} + \)\(42\!\cdots\!08\)\( T^{29} + \)\(16\!\cdots\!62\)\( T^{30} + \)\(40\!\cdots\!62\)\( T^{31} + \)\(50\!\cdots\!81\)\( T^{32} \)
$89$ \( ( 1 + 412 T^{2} + 69850 T^{4} + 6725680 T^{6} + 546021283 T^{8} + 53274111280 T^{10} + 4382545533850 T^{12} + 204756291875932 T^{14} + 3936588805702081 T^{16} )^{2} \)
$97$ \( 1 - 28 T + 392 T^{2} + 872 T^{3} - 117924 T^{4} + 2250436 T^{5} - 16405808 T^{6} - 121301108 T^{7} + 5089087514 T^{8} - 63345173552 T^{9} + 270560580248 T^{10} + 4797083097932 T^{11} - 105427115995440 T^{12} + 964302703147436 T^{13} - 1291090828127400 T^{14} - 85355358908186064 T^{15} + 1288991316725561923 T^{16} - 8279469814094048208 T^{17} - 12147873601850706600 T^{18} + \)\(88\!\cdots\!28\)\( T^{19} - \)\(93\!\cdots\!40\)\( T^{20} + \)\(41\!\cdots\!24\)\( T^{21} + \)\(22\!\cdots\!92\)\( T^{22} - \)\(51\!\cdots\!76\)\( T^{23} + \)\(39\!\cdots\!54\)\( T^{24} - \)\(92\!\cdots\!36\)\( T^{25} - \)\(12\!\cdots\!92\)\( T^{26} + \)\(16\!\cdots\!08\)\( T^{27} - \)\(81\!\cdots\!84\)\( T^{28} + \)\(58\!\cdots\!44\)\( T^{29} + \)\(25\!\cdots\!48\)\( T^{30} - \)\(17\!\cdots\!04\)\( T^{31} + \)\(61\!\cdots\!21\)\( T^{32} \)
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