Properties

Label 441.3.j.a
Level $441$
Weight $3$
Character orbit 441.j
Analytic conductor $12.016$
Analytic rank $0$
Dimension $2$
CM no
Inner twists $2$

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Newspace parameters

Level: \( N \) \(=\) \( 441 = 3^{2} \cdot 7^{2} \)
Weight: \( k \) \(=\) \( 3 \)
Character orbit: \([\chi]\) \(=\) 441.j (of order \(6\), degree \(2\), not minimal)

Newform invariants

Self dual: no
Analytic conductor: \(12.0163796583\)
Analytic rank: \(0\)
Dimension: \(2\)
Coefficient field: \(\Q(\sqrt{-3}) \)
Defining polynomial: \(x^{2} - x + 1\)
Coefficient ring: \(\Z[a_1, a_2, a_3]\)
Coefficient ring index: \( 1 \)
Twist minimal: no (minimal twist has level 9)
Sato-Tate group: $\mathrm{SU}(2)[C_{6}]$

$q$-expansion

Coefficients of the \(q\)-expansion are expressed in terms of a primitive root of unity \(\zeta_{6}\). We also show the integral \(q\)-expansion of the trace form.

\(f(q)\) \(=\) \( q + ( 1 - 2 \zeta_{6} ) q^{2} + ( -3 + 3 \zeta_{6} ) q^{3} + q^{4} + ( -4 + 2 \zeta_{6} ) q^{5} + ( 3 + 3 \zeta_{6} ) q^{6} + ( 5 - 10 \zeta_{6} ) q^{8} -9 \zeta_{6} q^{9} +O(q^{10})\) \( q + ( 1 - 2 \zeta_{6} ) q^{2} + ( -3 + 3 \zeta_{6} ) q^{3} + q^{4} + ( -4 + 2 \zeta_{6} ) q^{5} + ( 3 + 3 \zeta_{6} ) q^{6} + ( 5 - 10 \zeta_{6} ) q^{8} -9 \zeta_{6} q^{9} + 6 \zeta_{6} q^{10} + ( 1 + \zeta_{6} ) q^{11} + ( -3 + 3 \zeta_{6} ) q^{12} + ( 4 - 4 \zeta_{6} ) q^{13} + ( 6 - 12 \zeta_{6} ) q^{15} -11 q^{16} + ( 18 - 9 \zeta_{6} ) q^{17} + ( -18 + 9 \zeta_{6} ) q^{18} + ( -11 + 11 \zeta_{6} ) q^{19} + ( -4 + 2 \zeta_{6} ) q^{20} + ( 3 - 3 \zeta_{6} ) q^{22} + ( 32 - 16 \zeta_{6} ) q^{23} + ( 15 + 15 \zeta_{6} ) q^{24} + ( -13 + 13 \zeta_{6} ) q^{25} + ( -4 - 4 \zeta_{6} ) q^{26} + 27 q^{27} + ( 52 - 26 \zeta_{6} ) q^{29} -18 q^{30} + 32 q^{31} + ( 9 - 18 \zeta_{6} ) q^{32} + ( -6 + 3 \zeta_{6} ) q^{33} -27 \zeta_{6} q^{34} -9 \zeta_{6} q^{36} + ( 34 - 34 \zeta_{6} ) q^{37} + ( 11 + 11 \zeta_{6} ) q^{38} + 12 \zeta_{6} q^{39} + 30 \zeta_{6} q^{40} + ( -7 - 7 \zeta_{6} ) q^{41} + 61 \zeta_{6} q^{43} + ( 1 + \zeta_{6} ) q^{44} + ( 18 + 18 \zeta_{6} ) q^{45} -48 \zeta_{6} q^{46} + ( 28 - 56 \zeta_{6} ) q^{47} + ( 33 - 33 \zeta_{6} ) q^{48} + ( 13 + 13 \zeta_{6} ) q^{50} + ( -27 + 54 \zeta_{6} ) q^{51} + ( 4 - 4 \zeta_{6} ) q^{52} + ( 27 - 54 \zeta_{6} ) q^{54} -6 q^{55} -33 \zeta_{6} q^{57} -78 \zeta_{6} q^{58} + ( 29 - 58 \zeta_{6} ) q^{59} + ( 6 - 12 \zeta_{6} ) q^{60} + 56 q^{61} + ( 32 - 64 \zeta_{6} ) q^{62} -71 q^{64} + ( -8 + 16 \zeta_{6} ) q^{65} + 9 \zeta_{6} q^{66} -31 q^{67} + ( 18 - 9 \zeta_{6} ) q^{68} + ( -48 + 96 \zeta_{6} ) q^{69} + ( 18 - 36 \zeta_{6} ) q^{71} + ( -90 + 45 \zeta_{6} ) q^{72} -65 \zeta_{6} q^{73} + ( -34 - 34 \zeta_{6} ) q^{74} -39 \zeta_{6} q^{75} + ( -11 + 11 \zeta_{6} ) q^{76} + ( 24 - 12 \zeta_{6} ) q^{78} + 38 q^{79} + ( 44 - 22 \zeta_{6} ) q^{80} + ( -81 + 81 \zeta_{6} ) q^{81} + ( -21 + 21 \zeta_{6} ) q^{82} + ( -56 + 28 \zeta_{6} ) q^{83} + ( -54 + 54 \zeta_{6} ) q^{85} + ( 122 - 61 \zeta_{6} ) q^{86} + ( -78 + 156 \zeta_{6} ) q^{87} + ( 15 - 15 \zeta_{6} ) q^{88} + ( -72 - 72 \zeta_{6} ) q^{89} + ( 54 - 54 \zeta_{6} ) q^{90} + ( 32 - 16 \zeta_{6} ) q^{92} + ( -96 + 96 \zeta_{6} ) q^{93} -84 q^{94} + ( 22 - 44 \zeta_{6} ) q^{95} + ( 27 + 27 \zeta_{6} ) q^{96} + 115 \zeta_{6} q^{97} + ( 9 - 18 \zeta_{6} ) q^{99} +O(q^{100})\)
\(\operatorname{Tr}(f)(q)\) \(=\) \( 2 q - 3 q^{3} + 2 q^{4} - 6 q^{5} + 9 q^{6} - 9 q^{9} + O(q^{10}) \) \( 2 q - 3 q^{3} + 2 q^{4} - 6 q^{5} + 9 q^{6} - 9 q^{9} + 6 q^{10} + 3 q^{11} - 3 q^{12} + 4 q^{13} - 22 q^{16} + 27 q^{17} - 27 q^{18} - 11 q^{19} - 6 q^{20} + 3 q^{22} + 48 q^{23} + 45 q^{24} - 13 q^{25} - 12 q^{26} + 54 q^{27} + 78 q^{29} - 36 q^{30} + 64 q^{31} - 9 q^{33} - 27 q^{34} - 9 q^{36} + 34 q^{37} + 33 q^{38} + 12 q^{39} + 30 q^{40} - 21 q^{41} + 61 q^{43} + 3 q^{44} + 54 q^{45} - 48 q^{46} + 33 q^{48} + 39 q^{50} + 4 q^{52} - 12 q^{55} - 33 q^{57} - 78 q^{58} + 112 q^{61} - 142 q^{64} + 9 q^{66} - 62 q^{67} + 27 q^{68} - 135 q^{72} - 65 q^{73} - 102 q^{74} - 39 q^{75} - 11 q^{76} + 36 q^{78} + 76 q^{79} + 66 q^{80} - 81 q^{81} - 21 q^{82} - 84 q^{83} - 54 q^{85} + 183 q^{86} + 15 q^{88} - 216 q^{89} + 54 q^{90} + 48 q^{92} - 96 q^{93} - 168 q^{94} + 81 q^{96} + 115 q^{97} + O(q^{100}) \)

Character values

We give the values of \(\chi\) on generators for \(\left(\mathbb{Z}/441\mathbb{Z}\right)^\times\).

\(n\) \(199\) \(344\)
\(\chi(n)\) \(-1 + \zeta_{6}\) \(1 - \zeta_{6}\)

Embeddings

For each embedding \(\iota_m\) of the coefficient field, the values \(\iota_m(a_n)\) are shown below.

For more information on an embedded modular form you can click on its label.

Label \(\iota_m(\nu)\) \( a_{2} \) \( a_{3} \) \( a_{4} \) \( a_{5} \) \( a_{6} \) \( a_{7} \) \( a_{8} \) \( a_{9} \) \( a_{10} \)
263.1
0.500000 0.866025i
0.500000 + 0.866025i
1.73205i −1.50000 2.59808i 1.00000 −3.00000 1.73205i 4.50000 2.59808i 0 8.66025i −4.50000 + 7.79423i 3.00000 5.19615i
275.1 1.73205i −1.50000 + 2.59808i 1.00000 −3.00000 + 1.73205i 4.50000 + 2.59808i 0 8.66025i −4.50000 7.79423i 3.00000 + 5.19615i
\(n\): e.g. 2-40 or 990-1000
Significant digits:
Format:

Inner twists

Char Parity Ord Mult Type
1.a even 1 1 trivial
63.j odd 6 1 inner

Twists

       By twisting character orbit
Char Parity Ord Mult Type Twist Min Dim
1.a even 1 1 trivial 441.3.j.a 2
7.b odd 2 1 441.3.j.b 2
7.c even 3 1 9.3.d.a 2
7.c even 3 1 441.3.n.b 2
7.d odd 6 1 441.3.n.a 2
7.d odd 6 1 441.3.r.a 2
9.d odd 6 1 441.3.n.b 2
21.h odd 6 1 27.3.d.a 2
28.g odd 6 1 144.3.q.a 2
35.j even 6 1 225.3.j.a 2
35.l odd 12 2 225.3.i.a 4
56.k odd 6 1 576.3.q.a 2
56.p even 6 1 576.3.q.b 2
63.g even 3 1 27.3.d.a 2
63.h even 3 1 81.3.b.a 2
63.i even 6 1 441.3.j.b 2
63.j odd 6 1 81.3.b.a 2
63.j odd 6 1 inner 441.3.j.a 2
63.n odd 6 1 9.3.d.a 2
63.o even 6 1 441.3.n.a 2
63.s even 6 1 441.3.r.a 2
84.n even 6 1 432.3.q.a 2
105.o odd 6 1 675.3.j.a 2
105.x even 12 2 675.3.i.a 4
168.s odd 6 1 1728.3.q.a 2
168.v even 6 1 1728.3.q.b 2
252.o even 6 1 144.3.q.a 2
252.u odd 6 1 1296.3.e.a 2
252.bb even 6 1 1296.3.e.a 2
252.bl odd 6 1 432.3.q.a 2
315.v odd 6 1 225.3.j.a 2
315.bo even 6 1 675.3.j.a 2
315.bx even 12 2 225.3.i.a 4
315.ch odd 12 2 675.3.i.a 4
504.w even 6 1 1728.3.q.a 2
504.ba odd 6 1 1728.3.q.b 2
504.cy even 6 1 576.3.q.a 2
504.db odd 6 1 576.3.q.b 2
    
        By twisted newform orbit
Twist Min Dim Char Parity Ord Mult Type
9.3.d.a 2 7.c even 3 1
9.3.d.a 2 63.n odd 6 1
27.3.d.a 2 21.h odd 6 1
27.3.d.a 2 63.g even 3 1
81.3.b.a 2 63.h even 3 1
81.3.b.a 2 63.j odd 6 1
144.3.q.a 2 28.g odd 6 1
144.3.q.a 2 252.o even 6 1
225.3.i.a 4 35.l odd 12 2
225.3.i.a 4 315.bx even 12 2
225.3.j.a 2 35.j even 6 1
225.3.j.a 2 315.v odd 6 1
432.3.q.a 2 84.n even 6 1
432.3.q.a 2 252.bl odd 6 1
441.3.j.a 2 1.a even 1 1 trivial
441.3.j.a 2 63.j odd 6 1 inner
441.3.j.b 2 7.b odd 2 1
441.3.j.b 2 63.i even 6 1
441.3.n.a 2 7.d odd 6 1
441.3.n.a 2 63.o even 6 1
441.3.n.b 2 7.c even 3 1
441.3.n.b 2 9.d odd 6 1
441.3.r.a 2 7.d odd 6 1
441.3.r.a 2 63.s even 6 1
576.3.q.a 2 56.k odd 6 1
576.3.q.a 2 504.cy even 6 1
576.3.q.b 2 56.p even 6 1
576.3.q.b 2 504.db odd 6 1
675.3.i.a 4 105.x even 12 2
675.3.i.a 4 315.ch odd 12 2
675.3.j.a 2 105.o odd 6 1
675.3.j.a 2 315.bo even 6 1
1296.3.e.a 2 252.u odd 6 1
1296.3.e.a 2 252.bb even 6 1
1728.3.q.a 2 168.s odd 6 1
1728.3.q.a 2 504.w even 6 1
1728.3.q.b 2 168.v even 6 1
1728.3.q.b 2 504.ba odd 6 1

Hecke kernels

This newform subspace can be constructed as the intersection of the kernels of the following linear operators acting on \(S_{3}^{\mathrm{new}}(441, [\chi])\):

\( T_{2}^{2} + 3 \)
\( T_{5}^{2} + 6 T_{5} + 12 \)

Hecke characteristic polynomials

$p$ $F_p(T)$
$2$ \( 3 + T^{2} \)
$3$ \( 9 + 3 T + T^{2} \)
$5$ \( 12 + 6 T + T^{2} \)
$7$ \( T^{2} \)
$11$ \( 3 - 3 T + T^{2} \)
$13$ \( 16 - 4 T + T^{2} \)
$17$ \( 243 - 27 T + T^{2} \)
$19$ \( 121 + 11 T + T^{2} \)
$23$ \( 768 - 48 T + T^{2} \)
$29$ \( 2028 - 78 T + T^{2} \)
$31$ \( ( -32 + T )^{2} \)
$37$ \( 1156 - 34 T + T^{2} \)
$41$ \( 147 + 21 T + T^{2} \)
$43$ \( 3721 - 61 T + T^{2} \)
$47$ \( 2352 + T^{2} \)
$53$ \( T^{2} \)
$59$ \( 2523 + T^{2} \)
$61$ \( ( -56 + T )^{2} \)
$67$ \( ( 31 + T )^{2} \)
$71$ \( 972 + T^{2} \)
$73$ \( 4225 + 65 T + T^{2} \)
$79$ \( ( -38 + T )^{2} \)
$83$ \( 2352 + 84 T + T^{2} \)
$89$ \( 15552 + 216 T + T^{2} \)
$97$ \( 13225 - 115 T + T^{2} \)
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