Properties

Label 168.2
Level 168
Weight 2
Dimension 290
Nonzero newspaces 12
Newforms 25
Sturm bound 3072
Trace bound 3

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Defining parameters

Level: \( N \) = \( 168 = 2^{3} \cdot 3 \cdot 7 \)
Weight: \( k \) = \( 2 \)
Nonzero newspaces: \( 12 \)
Newforms: \( 25 \)
Sturm bound: \(3072\)
Trace bound: \(3\)

Dimensions

The following table gives the dimensions of various subspaces of \(M_{2}(\Gamma_1(168))\).

Total New Old
Modular forms 912 330 582
Cusp forms 625 290 335
Eisenstein series 287 40 247

Trace form

\( 290q + 4q^{2} - 4q^{4} + 4q^{5} - 10q^{6} - 8q^{7} - 8q^{8} + O(q^{10}) \) \( 290q + 4q^{2} - 4q^{4} + 4q^{5} - 10q^{6} - 8q^{7} - 8q^{8} - 20q^{10} + 4q^{11} - 22q^{12} + 16q^{13} - 4q^{14} - 12q^{15} - 12q^{16} + 16q^{17} + 6q^{18} - 12q^{19} - 20q^{20} - 68q^{22} - 36q^{23} - 18q^{24} - 42q^{25} - 44q^{26} - 36q^{27} - 108q^{28} - 12q^{29} - 46q^{30} - 84q^{31} - 76q^{32} - 50q^{33} - 124q^{34} - 36q^{35} - 32q^{36} - 24q^{37} - 52q^{38} - 36q^{39} - 88q^{40} + 4q^{41} + 26q^{42} - 16q^{43} + 48q^{44} - 38q^{45} + 64q^{46} - 24q^{47} + 70q^{48} - 54q^{49} + 88q^{50} - 48q^{51} + 64q^{52} - 32q^{53} + 78q^{54} - 68q^{55} + 92q^{56} - 64q^{57} + 72q^{58} - 80q^{59} + 96q^{60} + 4q^{61} + 116q^{62} - 64q^{63} + 92q^{64} - 40q^{65} + 74q^{66} - 84q^{67} + 60q^{68} + 8q^{69} + 44q^{70} - 64q^{71} + 84q^{72} + 20q^{73} - 32q^{74} + 20q^{75} + 36q^{76} + 36q^{77} + 56q^{78} + 12q^{79} + 40q^{81} + 60q^{82} + 56q^{83} + 110q^{84} + 80q^{85} + 16q^{86} + 96q^{87} - 44q^{88} + 76q^{89} + 116q^{90} + 96q^{91} + 12q^{92} + 82q^{93} + 12q^{94} + 136q^{95} + 90q^{96} - 64q^{97} + 64q^{98} + 120q^{99} + O(q^{100}) \)

Decomposition of \(S_{2}^{\mathrm{new}}(\Gamma_1(168))\)

We only show spaces with even parity, since no modular forms exist when this condition is not satisfied. Within each space \( S_k^{\mathrm{new}}(N, \chi) \) we list the newforms together with their dimension.

Label \(\chi\) Newforms Dimension \(\chi\) degree
168.2.a \(\chi_{168}(1, \cdot)\) 168.2.a.a 1 1
168.2.a.b 1
168.2.b \(\chi_{168}(55, \cdot)\) None 0 1
168.2.c \(\chi_{168}(85, \cdot)\) 168.2.c.a 4 1
168.2.c.b 8
168.2.h \(\chi_{168}(71, \cdot)\) None 0 1
168.2.i \(\chi_{168}(125, \cdot)\) 168.2.i.a 4 1
168.2.i.b 4
168.2.i.c 4
168.2.i.d 8
168.2.i.e 8
168.2.j \(\chi_{168}(155, \cdot)\) 168.2.j.a 4 1
168.2.j.b 4
168.2.j.c 4
168.2.j.d 12
168.2.k \(\chi_{168}(41, \cdot)\) 168.2.k.a 8 1
168.2.p \(\chi_{168}(139, \cdot)\) 168.2.p.a 16 1
168.2.q \(\chi_{168}(25, \cdot)\) 168.2.q.a 2 2
168.2.q.b 2
168.2.q.c 4
168.2.t \(\chi_{168}(19, \cdot)\) 168.2.t.a 32 2
168.2.u \(\chi_{168}(17, \cdot)\) 168.2.u.a 16 2
168.2.v \(\chi_{168}(11, \cdot)\) 168.2.v.a 56 2
168.2.ba \(\chi_{168}(5, \cdot)\) 168.2.ba.a 4 2
168.2.ba.b 4
168.2.ba.c 48
168.2.bb \(\chi_{168}(23, \cdot)\) None 0 2
168.2.bc \(\chi_{168}(37, \cdot)\) 168.2.bc.a 32 2
168.2.bd \(\chi_{168}(31, \cdot)\) None 0 2

Decomposition of \(S_{2}^{\mathrm{old}}(\Gamma_1(168))\) into lower level spaces

\( S_{2}^{\mathrm{old}}(\Gamma_1(168)) \cong \) \(S_{2}^{\mathrm{new}}(\Gamma_1(14))\)\(^{\oplus 6}\)\(\oplus\)\(S_{2}^{\mathrm{new}}(\Gamma_1(21))\)\(^{\oplus 4}\)\(\oplus\)\(S_{2}^{\mathrm{new}}(\Gamma_1(24))\)\(^{\oplus 2}\)\(\oplus\)\(S_{2}^{\mathrm{new}}(\Gamma_1(28))\)\(^{\oplus 4}\)\(\oplus\)\(S_{2}^{\mathrm{new}}(\Gamma_1(42))\)\(^{\oplus 3}\)\(\oplus\)\(S_{2}^{\mathrm{new}}(\Gamma_1(56))\)\(^{\oplus 2}\)\(\oplus\)\(S_{2}^{\mathrm{new}}(\Gamma_1(84))\)\(^{\oplus 2}\)