Properties

Label 144.2.x.d
Level $144$
Weight $2$
Character orbit 144.x
Analytic conductor $1.150$
Analytic rank $0$
Dimension $4$
CM no
Inner twists $2$

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Newspace parameters

Level: \( N \) \(=\) \( 144 = 2^{4} \cdot 3^{2} \)
Weight: \( k \) \(=\) \( 2 \)
Character orbit: \([\chi]\) \(=\) 144.x (of order \(12\), degree \(4\), minimal)

Newform invariants

Self dual: no
Analytic conductor: \(1.14984578911\)
Analytic rank: \(0\)
Dimension: \(4\)
Coefficient field: \(\Q(\zeta_{12})\)
Defining polynomial: \(x^{4} - x^{2} + 1\)
Coefficient ring: \(\Z[a_1, \ldots, a_{5}]\)
Coefficient ring index: \( 1 \)
Twist minimal: yes
Sato-Tate group: $\mathrm{SU}(2)[C_{12}]$

$q$-expansion

Coefficients of the \(q\)-expansion are expressed in terms of a primitive root of unity \(\zeta_{12}\). We also show the integral \(q\)-expansion of the trace form.

\(f(q)\) \(=\) \( q + ( 1 + \zeta_{12} - \zeta_{12}^{2} ) q^{2} + ( -1 + 2 \zeta_{12}^{2} ) q^{3} + ( 2 \zeta_{12} - 2 \zeta_{12}^{3} ) q^{4} + ( \zeta_{12}^{2} - \zeta_{12}^{3} ) q^{5} + ( 1 - \zeta_{12} + \zeta_{12}^{2} + 2 \zeta_{12}^{3} ) q^{6} + ( -4 + \zeta_{12} + 2 \zeta_{12}^{2} - \zeta_{12}^{3} ) q^{7} + ( 2 - 2 \zeta_{12}^{3} ) q^{8} -3 q^{9} +O(q^{10})\) \( q + ( 1 + \zeta_{12} - \zeta_{12}^{2} ) q^{2} + ( -1 + 2 \zeta_{12}^{2} ) q^{3} + ( 2 \zeta_{12} - 2 \zeta_{12}^{3} ) q^{4} + ( \zeta_{12}^{2} - \zeta_{12}^{3} ) q^{5} + ( 1 - \zeta_{12} + \zeta_{12}^{2} + 2 \zeta_{12}^{3} ) q^{6} + ( -4 + \zeta_{12} + 2 \zeta_{12}^{2} - \zeta_{12}^{3} ) q^{7} + ( 2 - 2 \zeta_{12}^{3} ) q^{8} -3 q^{9} + ( 2 - \zeta_{12} - \zeta_{12}^{2} + \zeta_{12}^{3} ) q^{10} + ( 1 - \zeta_{12} ) q^{11} + ( 2 \zeta_{12} + 2 \zeta_{12}^{3} ) q^{12} + ( 2 - 2 \zeta_{12} - 3 \zeta_{12}^{2} - \zeta_{12}^{3} ) q^{13} + ( -1 - 4 \zeta_{12} + 4 \zeta_{12}^{2} + \zeta_{12}^{3} ) q^{14} + ( -2 + 2 \zeta_{12} + \zeta_{12}^{2} - \zeta_{12}^{3} ) q^{15} + ( 4 - 4 \zeta_{12}^{2} ) q^{16} + 4 q^{17} + ( -3 - 3 \zeta_{12} + 3 \zeta_{12}^{2} ) q^{18} + ( -3 + 3 \zeta_{12}^{3} ) q^{19} + ( 2 \zeta_{12} - 2 \zeta_{12}^{2} ) q^{20} + ( \zeta_{12} - 6 \zeta_{12}^{2} + \zeta_{12}^{3} ) q^{21} + ( 1 - 2 \zeta_{12}^{2} + \zeta_{12}^{3} ) q^{22} + ( 2 - 3 \zeta_{12} + 2 \zeta_{12}^{2} ) q^{23} + ( -2 + 4 \zeta_{12} + 4 \zeta_{12}^{2} - 2 \zeta_{12}^{3} ) q^{24} + ( -2 - 3 \zeta_{12} + \zeta_{12}^{2} + 3 \zeta_{12}^{3} ) q^{25} + ( -\zeta_{12} - 5 \zeta_{12}^{2} - \zeta_{12}^{3} ) q^{26} + ( 3 - 6 \zeta_{12}^{2} ) q^{27} + ( 2 - 4 \zeta_{12} - 2 \zeta_{12}^{2} + 8 \zeta_{12}^{3} ) q^{28} + ( -1 - 2 \zeta_{12} - \zeta_{12}^{2} + \zeta_{12}^{3} ) q^{29} + ( -\zeta_{12} + 3 \zeta_{12}^{2} - \zeta_{12}^{3} ) q^{30} + ( -4 + 3 \zeta_{12} + 4 \zeta_{12}^{2} - 6 \zeta_{12}^{3} ) q^{31} + ( 4 \zeta_{12} - 4 \zeta_{12}^{2} - 4 \zeta_{12}^{3} ) q^{32} + ( -1 + \zeta_{12} + 2 \zeta_{12}^{2} - 2 \zeta_{12}^{3} ) q^{33} + ( 4 + 4 \zeta_{12} - 4 \zeta_{12}^{2} ) q^{34} + ( -2 + 3 \zeta_{12} - 3 \zeta_{12}^{2} + 2 \zeta_{12}^{3} ) q^{35} + ( -6 \zeta_{12} + 6 \zeta_{12}^{3} ) q^{36} + ( -5 - 2 \zeta_{12} - 2 \zeta_{12}^{2} - 5 \zeta_{12}^{3} ) q^{37} + ( -6 + 6 \zeta_{12}^{2} ) q^{38} + ( 4 + 4 \zeta_{12} + \zeta_{12}^{2} - 5 \zeta_{12}^{3} ) q^{39} + ( -2 + 2 \zeta_{12} + 2 \zeta_{12}^{2} - 4 \zeta_{12}^{3} ) q^{40} + ( 3 + 6 \zeta_{12} + 3 \zeta_{12}^{2} ) q^{41} + ( -7 + 2 \zeta_{12} + 2 \zeta_{12}^{2} - 7 \zeta_{12}^{3} ) q^{42} + ( -1 - 5 \zeta_{12} + 6 \zeta_{12}^{2} + 6 \zeta_{12}^{3} ) q^{43} + ( -2 + 2 \zeta_{12} - 2 \zeta_{12}^{3} ) q^{44} + ( -3 \zeta_{12}^{2} + 3 \zeta_{12}^{3} ) q^{45} + ( 4 - \zeta_{12} - 5 \zeta_{12}^{2} + 5 \zeta_{12}^{3} ) q^{46} + ( 3 \zeta_{12} + 4 \zeta_{12}^{2} + 3 \zeta_{12}^{3} ) q^{47} + ( 4 + 4 \zeta_{12}^{2} ) q^{48} + ( 6 - 4 \zeta_{12} - 6 \zeta_{12}^{2} + 8 \zeta_{12}^{3} ) q^{49} + ( -4 - 2 \zeta_{12} + 2 \zeta_{12}^{2} + 4 \zeta_{12}^{3} ) q^{50} + ( -4 + 8 \zeta_{12}^{2} ) q^{51} + ( -4 - 2 \zeta_{12} - 2 \zeta_{12}^{2} - 4 \zeta_{12}^{3} ) q^{52} + ( 5 - 2 \zeta_{12} - 2 \zeta_{12}^{2} + 5 \zeta_{12}^{3} ) q^{53} + ( -3 + 3 \zeta_{12} - 3 \zeta_{12}^{2} - 6 \zeta_{12}^{3} ) q^{54} + ( -1 + 2 \zeta_{12}^{2} - 2 \zeta_{12}^{3} ) q^{55} + ( -8 + 6 \zeta_{12} + 2 \zeta_{12}^{2} + 2 \zeta_{12}^{3} ) q^{56} + ( 3 - 6 \zeta_{12} - 6 \zeta_{12}^{2} + 3 \zeta_{12}^{3} ) q^{57} + ( -3 - 2 \zeta_{12} + \zeta_{12}^{3} ) q^{58} + ( 3 + 3 \zeta_{12} - 3 \zeta_{12}^{3} ) q^{59} + ( 4 - 2 \zeta_{12} - 2 \zeta_{12}^{2} + 4 \zeta_{12}^{3} ) q^{60} + ( 7 + 8 \zeta_{12} + \zeta_{12}^{2} - \zeta_{12}^{3} ) q^{61} + ( 6 - 7 \zeta_{12} + \zeta_{12}^{2} + \zeta_{12}^{3} ) q^{62} + ( 12 - 3 \zeta_{12} - 6 \zeta_{12}^{2} + 3 \zeta_{12}^{3} ) q^{63} -8 \zeta_{12}^{3} q^{64} + ( -2 \zeta_{12} + \zeta_{12}^{2} - 2 \zeta_{12}^{3} ) q^{65} + ( 3 - 2 \zeta_{12} + \zeta_{12}^{3} ) q^{66} + ( 5 - 5 \zeta_{12} - 2 \zeta_{12}^{2} + 3 \zeta_{12}^{3} ) q^{67} + ( 8 \zeta_{12} - 8 \zeta_{12}^{3} ) q^{68} + ( -6 + 3 \zeta_{12} + 6 \zeta_{12}^{2} - 6 \zeta_{12}^{3} ) q^{69} + ( -7 + 3 \zeta_{12} + 7 \zeta_{12}^{2} - 6 \zeta_{12}^{3} ) q^{70} + ( 4 - 8 \zeta_{12}^{2} - 4 \zeta_{12}^{3} ) q^{71} + ( -6 + 6 \zeta_{12}^{3} ) q^{72} + ( -2 + 4 \zeta_{12}^{2} - 4 \zeta_{12}^{3} ) q^{73} + ( -2 - 12 \zeta_{12} - 2 \zeta_{12}^{2} ) q^{74} + ( -3 \zeta_{12} - 3 \zeta_{12}^{2} - 3 \zeta_{12}^{3} ) q^{75} + ( -6 \zeta_{12} + 6 \zeta_{12}^{2} + 6 \zeta_{12}^{3} ) q^{76} + ( -5 + 5 \zeta_{12} + 2 \zeta_{12}^{2} - 3 \zeta_{12}^{3} ) q^{77} + ( 10 + 3 \zeta_{12} - 5 \zeta_{12}^{2} - 3 \zeta_{12}^{3} ) q^{78} + ( \zeta_{12} + \zeta_{12}^{3} ) q^{79} + ( 4 - 4 \zeta_{12} ) q^{80} + 9 q^{81} + ( 6 + 9 \zeta_{12} + 3 \zeta_{12}^{2} - 3 \zeta_{12}^{3} ) q^{82} + ( 1 - 9 \zeta_{12} - 10 \zeta_{12}^{2} + 10 \zeta_{12}^{3} ) q^{83} + ( 2 - 12 \zeta_{12} + 2 \zeta_{12}^{2} ) q^{84} + ( 4 \zeta_{12}^{2} - 4 \zeta_{12}^{3} ) q^{85} + ( -1 + 2 \zeta_{12}^{2} + 11 \zeta_{12}^{3} ) q^{86} + ( 3 - 3 \zeta_{12}^{2} - 3 \zeta_{12}^{3} ) q^{87} + ( -2 \zeta_{12} + 2 \zeta_{12}^{2} - 2 \zeta_{12}^{3} ) q^{88} + ( -8 + 16 \zeta_{12}^{2} - 2 \zeta_{12}^{3} ) q^{89} + ( -6 + 3 \zeta_{12} + 3 \zeta_{12}^{2} - 3 \zeta_{12}^{3} ) q^{90} + ( -4 + 9 \zeta_{12} + 9 \zeta_{12}^{2} - 4 \zeta_{12}^{3} ) q^{91} + ( -6 + 8 \zeta_{12} - 4 \zeta_{12}^{3} ) q^{92} + ( -4 + 9 \zeta_{12} - 4 \zeta_{12}^{2} ) q^{93} + ( 1 + 6 \zeta_{12} + 6 \zeta_{12}^{2} + \zeta_{12}^{3} ) q^{94} + ( 3 - 3 \zeta_{12} - 3 \zeta_{12}^{2} + 6 \zeta_{12}^{3} ) q^{95} + ( 8 + 4 \zeta_{12} - 4 \zeta_{12}^{2} + 4 \zeta_{12}^{3} ) q^{96} -\zeta_{12}^{2} q^{97} + ( -8 + 10 \zeta_{12} - 2 \zeta_{12}^{2} - 2 \zeta_{12}^{3} ) q^{98} + ( -3 + 3 \zeta_{12} ) q^{99} +O(q^{100})\)
\(\operatorname{Tr}(f)(q)\) \(=\) \( 4q + 2q^{2} + 2q^{5} + 6q^{6} - 12q^{7} + 8q^{8} - 12q^{9} + O(q^{10}) \) \( 4q + 2q^{2} + 2q^{5} + 6q^{6} - 12q^{7} + 8q^{8} - 12q^{9} + 6q^{10} + 4q^{11} + 2q^{13} + 4q^{14} - 6q^{15} + 8q^{16} + 16q^{17} - 6q^{18} - 12q^{19} - 4q^{20} - 12q^{21} + 12q^{23} - 6q^{25} - 10q^{26} + 4q^{28} - 6q^{29} + 6q^{30} - 8q^{31} - 8q^{32} + 8q^{34} - 14q^{35} - 24q^{37} - 12q^{38} + 18q^{39} - 4q^{40} + 18q^{41} - 24q^{42} + 8q^{43} - 8q^{44} - 6q^{45} + 6q^{46} + 8q^{47} + 24q^{48} + 12q^{49} - 12q^{50} - 20q^{52} + 16q^{53} - 18q^{54} - 28q^{56} - 12q^{58} + 12q^{59} + 12q^{60} + 30q^{61} + 26q^{62} + 36q^{63} + 2q^{65} + 12q^{66} + 16q^{67} - 12q^{69} - 14q^{70} - 24q^{72} - 12q^{74} - 6q^{75} + 12q^{76} - 16q^{77} + 30q^{78} + 16q^{80} + 36q^{81} + 30q^{82} - 16q^{83} + 12q^{84} + 8q^{85} + 6q^{87} + 4q^{88} - 18q^{90} + 2q^{91} - 24q^{92} - 24q^{93} + 16q^{94} + 6q^{95} + 24q^{96} - 2q^{97} - 36q^{98} - 12q^{99} + O(q^{100}) \)

Character values

We give the values of \(\chi\) on generators for \(\left(\mathbb{Z}/144\mathbb{Z}\right)^\times\).

\(n\) \(37\) \(65\) \(127\)
\(\chi(n)\) \(\zeta_{12}^{3}\) \(-1 + \zeta_{12}^{2}\) \(1\)

Embeddings

For each embedding \(\iota_m\) of the coefficient field, the values \(\iota_m(a_n)\) are shown below.

For more information on an embedded modular form you can click on its label.

Label \(\iota_m(\nu)\) \( a_{2} \) \( a_{3} \) \( a_{4} \) \( a_{5} \) \( a_{6} \) \( a_{7} \) \( a_{8} \) \( a_{9} \) \( a_{10} \)
13.1
−0.866025 0.500000i
0.866025 0.500000i
0.866025 + 0.500000i
−0.866025 + 0.500000i
−0.366025 1.36603i 1.73205i −1.73205 + 1.00000i 0.500000 + 1.86603i 2.36603 0.633975i −3.86603 + 2.23205i 2.00000 + 2.00000i −3.00000 2.36603 1.36603i
61.1 1.36603 + 0.366025i 1.73205i 1.73205 + 1.00000i 0.500000 + 0.133975i 0.633975 2.36603i −2.13397 1.23205i 2.00000 + 2.00000i −3.00000 0.633975 + 0.366025i
85.1 1.36603 0.366025i 1.73205i 1.73205 1.00000i 0.500000 0.133975i 0.633975 + 2.36603i −2.13397 + 1.23205i 2.00000 2.00000i −3.00000 0.633975 0.366025i
133.1 −0.366025 + 1.36603i 1.73205i −1.73205 1.00000i 0.500000 1.86603i 2.36603 + 0.633975i −3.86603 2.23205i 2.00000 2.00000i −3.00000 2.36603 + 1.36603i
\(n\): e.g. 2-40 or 990-1000
Significant digits:
Format:

Inner twists

Char Parity Ord Mult Type
1.a even 1 1 trivial
144.x even 12 1 inner

Twists

       By twisting character orbit
Char Parity Ord Mult Type Twist Min Dim
1.a even 1 1 trivial 144.2.x.d yes 4
3.b odd 2 1 432.2.y.a 4
4.b odd 2 1 576.2.bb.b 4
9.c even 3 1 144.2.x.a 4
9.d odd 6 1 432.2.y.d 4
12.b even 2 1 1728.2.bc.b 4
16.e even 4 1 144.2.x.a 4
16.f odd 4 1 576.2.bb.a 4
36.f odd 6 1 576.2.bb.a 4
36.h even 6 1 1728.2.bc.c 4
48.i odd 4 1 432.2.y.d 4
48.k even 4 1 1728.2.bc.c 4
144.u even 12 1 1728.2.bc.b 4
144.v odd 12 1 576.2.bb.b 4
144.w odd 12 1 432.2.y.a 4
144.x even 12 1 inner 144.2.x.d yes 4
    
        By twisted newform orbit
Twist Min Dim Char Parity Ord Mult Type
144.2.x.a 4 9.c even 3 1
144.2.x.a 4 16.e even 4 1
144.2.x.d yes 4 1.a even 1 1 trivial
144.2.x.d yes 4 144.x even 12 1 inner
432.2.y.a 4 3.b odd 2 1
432.2.y.a 4 144.w odd 12 1
432.2.y.d 4 9.d odd 6 1
432.2.y.d 4 48.i odd 4 1
576.2.bb.a 4 16.f odd 4 1
576.2.bb.a 4 36.f odd 6 1
576.2.bb.b 4 4.b odd 2 1
576.2.bb.b 4 144.v odd 12 1
1728.2.bc.b 4 12.b even 2 1
1728.2.bc.b 4 144.u even 12 1
1728.2.bc.c 4 36.h even 6 1
1728.2.bc.c 4 48.k even 4 1

Hecke kernels

This newform subspace can be constructed as the kernel of the linear operator \( T_{5}^{4} - 2 T_{5}^{3} + 5 T_{5}^{2} - 4 T_{5} + 1 \) acting on \(S_{2}^{\mathrm{new}}(144, [\chi])\).

Hecke characteristic polynomials

$p$ $F_p(T)$
$2$ \( 4 - 4 T + 2 T^{2} - 2 T^{3} + T^{4} \)
$3$ \( ( 3 + T^{2} )^{2} \)
$5$ \( 1 - 4 T + 5 T^{2} - 2 T^{3} + T^{4} \)
$7$ \( 121 + 132 T + 59 T^{2} + 12 T^{3} + T^{4} \)
$11$ \( 1 - 2 T + 5 T^{2} - 4 T^{3} + T^{4} \)
$13$ \( 121 - 88 T + 17 T^{2} - 2 T^{3} + T^{4} \)
$17$ \( ( -4 + T )^{4} \)
$19$ \( ( 18 + 6 T + T^{2} )^{2} \)
$23$ \( 9 - 36 T + 51 T^{2} - 12 T^{3} + T^{4} \)
$29$ \( 9 + 9 T^{2} + 6 T^{3} + T^{4} \)
$31$ \( 121 - 88 T + 75 T^{2} + 8 T^{3} + T^{4} \)
$37$ \( 4356 + 1584 T + 288 T^{2} + 24 T^{3} + T^{4} \)
$41$ \( 81 + 162 T + 99 T^{2} - 18 T^{3} + T^{4} \)
$43$ \( 3481 - 826 T + 65 T^{2} - 8 T^{3} + T^{4} \)
$47$ \( 121 + 88 T + 75 T^{2} - 8 T^{3} + T^{4} \)
$53$ \( 676 - 416 T + 128 T^{2} - 16 T^{3} + T^{4} \)
$59$ \( 81 - 54 T + 45 T^{2} - 12 T^{3} + T^{4} \)
$61$ \( 1089 - 396 T + 261 T^{2} - 30 T^{3} + T^{4} \)
$67$ \( 121 + 22 T + 65 T^{2} - 16 T^{3} + T^{4} \)
$71$ \( 1024 + 128 T^{2} + T^{4} \)
$73$ \( 16 + 56 T^{2} + T^{4} \)
$79$ \( 9 + 3 T^{2} + T^{4} \)
$83$ \( 32041 + 3938 T + 185 T^{2} + 16 T^{3} + T^{4} \)
$89$ \( 35344 + 392 T^{2} + T^{4} \)
$97$ \( ( 1 + T + T^{2} )^{2} \)
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