Properties

Degree 2
Conductor $ 2^{2} \cdot 3^{3} $
Sign $-0.980 - 0.196i$
Motivic weight 4
Primitive yes
Self-dual no
Analytic rank 0

Origins

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Normalization:  

Dirichlet series

L(s)  = 1  + (2.23 + 3.31i)2-s + (−6.00 + 14.8i)4-s + (23.3 + 40.4i)5-s + (−52.4 − 30.2i)7-s + (−62.6 + 13.2i)8-s + (−81.9 + 167. i)10-s + (63.7 + 36.8i)11-s + (15.5 + 27.0i)13-s + (−16.8 − 241. i)14-s + (−183. − 178. i)16-s − 53.8·17-s − 54.9i·19-s + (−739. + 103. i)20-s + (20.4 + 293. i)22-s + (−243. + 140. i)23-s + ⋯
L(s)  = 1  + (0.558 + 0.829i)2-s + (−0.375 + 0.926i)4-s + (0.933 + 1.61i)5-s + (−1.07 − 0.617i)7-s + (−0.978 + 0.206i)8-s + (−0.819 + 1.67i)10-s + (0.526 + 0.304i)11-s + (0.0922 + 0.159i)13-s + (−0.0857 − 1.23i)14-s + (−0.718 − 0.695i)16-s − 0.186·17-s − 0.152i·19-s + (−1.84 + 0.258i)20-s + (0.0422 + 0.607i)22-s + (−0.460 + 0.266i)23-s + ⋯

Functional equation

\[\begin{aligned}\Lambda(s)=\mathstrut & 108 ^{s/2} \, \Gamma_{\C}(s) \, L(s)\cr =\mathstrut & (-0.980 - 0.196i)\, \overline{\Lambda}(5-s) \end{aligned}\]
\[\begin{aligned}\Lambda(s)=\mathstrut & 108 ^{s/2} \, \Gamma_{\C}(s+2) \, L(s)\cr =\mathstrut & (-0.980 - 0.196i)\, \overline{\Lambda}(1-s) \end{aligned}\]

Invariants

\( d \)  =  \(2\)
\( N \)  =  \(108\)    =    \(2^{2} \cdot 3^{3}\)
\( \varepsilon \)  =  $-0.980 - 0.196i$
motivic weight  =  \(4\)
character  :  $\chi_{108} (19, \cdot )$
primitive  :  yes
self-dual  :  no
analytic rank  =  \(0\)
Selberg data  =  \((2,\ 108,\ (\ :2),\ -0.980 - 0.196i)\)
\(L(\frac{5}{2})\)  \(\approx\)  \(0.195435 + 1.97341i\)
\(L(\frac12)\)  \(\approx\)  \(0.195435 + 1.97341i\)
\(L(3)\)   not available
\(L(1)\)   not available

Euler product

\[L(s) = \prod_{p \text{ prime}} F_p(p^{-s})^{-1} \]where, for $p \notin \{2,\;3\}$,\(F_p(T)\) is a polynomial of degree 2. If $p \in \{2,\;3\}$, then $F_p(T)$ is a polynomial of degree at most 1.
$p$$F_p(T)$
bad2 \( 1 + (-2.23 - 3.31i)T \)
3 \( 1 \)
good5 \( 1 + (-23.3 - 40.4i)T + (-312.5 + 541. i)T^{2} \)
7 \( 1 + (52.4 + 30.2i)T + (1.20e3 + 2.07e3i)T^{2} \)
11 \( 1 + (-63.7 - 36.8i)T + (7.32e3 + 1.26e4i)T^{2} \)
13 \( 1 + (-15.5 - 27.0i)T + (-1.42e4 + 2.47e4i)T^{2} \)
17 \( 1 + 53.8T + 8.35e4T^{2} \)
19 \( 1 + 54.9iT - 1.30e5T^{2} \)
23 \( 1 + (243. - 140. i)T + (1.39e5 - 2.42e5i)T^{2} \)
29 \( 1 + (223. - 387. i)T + (-3.53e5 - 6.12e5i)T^{2} \)
31 \( 1 + (-240. + 138. i)T + (4.61e5 - 7.99e5i)T^{2} \)
37 \( 1 - 1.01e3T + 1.87e6T^{2} \)
41 \( 1 + (-946. - 1.63e3i)T + (-1.41e6 + 2.44e6i)T^{2} \)
43 \( 1 + (-666. - 384. i)T + (1.70e6 + 2.96e6i)T^{2} \)
47 \( 1 + (-2.37e3 - 1.37e3i)T + (2.43e6 + 4.22e6i)T^{2} \)
53 \( 1 - 4.64e3T + 7.89e6T^{2} \)
59 \( 1 + (262. - 151. i)T + (6.05e6 - 1.04e7i)T^{2} \)
61 \( 1 + (478. - 828. i)T + (-6.92e6 - 1.19e7i)T^{2} \)
67 \( 1 + (-6.01e3 + 3.47e3i)T + (1.00e7 - 1.74e7i)T^{2} \)
71 \( 1 - 5.97e3iT - 2.54e7T^{2} \)
73 \( 1 + 4.33e3T + 2.83e7T^{2} \)
79 \( 1 + (3.29e3 + 1.90e3i)T + (1.94e7 + 3.37e7i)T^{2} \)
83 \( 1 + (2.73e3 + 1.57e3i)T + (2.37e7 + 4.11e7i)T^{2} \)
89 \( 1 - 7.13e3T + 6.27e7T^{2} \)
97 \( 1 + (-980. + 1.69e3i)T + (-4.42e7 - 7.66e7i)T^{2} \)
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\[\begin{aligned}L(s) = \prod_p \ \prod_{j=1}^{2} (1 - \alpha_{j,p}\, p^{-s})^{-1}\end{aligned}\]

Imaginary part of the first few zeros on the critical line

−13.70661303559627155681150013990, −12.87972736865236670734633616183, −11.40147938279544080569013422788, −10.15568951349719014312680831169, −9.298662200595744268956028881957, −7.40576039903400646172612977677, −6.65231331039696719876147814353, −5.91348491021813610649941606619, −3.91927011336441664294057594564, −2.72623707728170949843361162522, 0.73648652990537885581980944034, 2.28628953743131692097627772792, 4.06953197178698580157405386300, 5.47185307473147610750931291233, 6.18321934277144641759327542384, 8.722014979500952243332720639414, 9.336879468166858865668206988756, 10.22401639922666605620578097370, 11.85543596016247616801483183655, 12.59088443874720621960747923224

Graph of the $Z$-function along the critical line