# Properties

 Label 966.a2 Conductor $966$ Discriminant $-365148$ j-invariant $$\frac{590589719}{365148}$$ CM no Rank $1$ Torsion structure $$\Z/{2}\Z$$

# Related objects

Show commands for: Magma / Pari/GP / SageMath

## Minimal Weierstrass equation

sage: E = EllipticCurve([1, 1, 0, 18, 0]) # or

sage: E = EllipticCurve("966d1")

gp: E = ellinit([1, 1, 0, 18, 0]) \\ or

gp: E = ellinit("966d1")

magma: E := EllipticCurve([1, 1, 0, 18, 0]); // or

magma: E := EllipticCurve("966d1");

$$y^2 + x y = x^{3} + x^{2} + 18 x$$

## Mordell-Weil group structure

$$\Z\times \Z/{2}\Z$$

### Infinite order Mordell-Weil generator and height

sage: E.gens()

magma: Generators(E);

 $$P$$ = $$\left(2, 6\right)$$ $$\hat{h}(P)$$ ≈ $0.39451754021504176$

## Torsion generators

sage: E.torsion_subgroup().gens()

gp: elltors(E)

magma: TorsionSubgroup(E);

$$\left(0, 0\right)$$

## Integral points

sage: E.integral_points()

magma: IntegralPoints(E);

$$\left(0, 0\right)$$, $$\left(1, 4\right)$$, $$\left(1, -5\right)$$, $$\left(2, 6\right)$$, $$\left(2, -8\right)$$, $$\left(9, 27\right)$$, $$\left(9, -36\right)$$, $$\left(18, 72\right)$$, $$\left(18, -90\right)$$, $$\left(128, 1392\right)$$, $$\left(128, -1520\right)$$

## Invariants

 sage: E.conductor().factor()  gp: ellglobalred(E)[1]  magma: Conductor(E); Conductor: $$966$$ = $$2 \cdot 3 \cdot 7 \cdot 23$$ sage: E.discriminant().factor()  gp: E.disc  magma: Discriminant(E); Discriminant: $$-365148$$ = $$-1 \cdot 2^{2} \cdot 3^{4} \cdot 7^{2} \cdot 23$$ sage: E.j_invariant().factor()  gp: E.j  magma: jInvariant(E); j-invariant: $$\frac{590589719}{365148}$$ = $$2^{-2} \cdot 3^{-4} \cdot 7^{-2} \cdot 23^{-1} \cdot 839^{3}$$ Endomorphism ring: $$\Z$$ Geometric endomorphism ring: $$\Z$$ (no potential complex multiplication) Sato-Tate group: $\mathrm{SU}(2)$

## BSD invariants

 sage: E.rank()  magma: Rank(E); Rank: $$1$$ sage: E.regulator()  magma: Regulator(E); Regulator: $$0.394517540215$$ sage: E.period_lattice().omega()  gp: E.omega[1]  magma: RealPeriod(E); Real period: $$1.74412340085$$ sage: E.tamagawa_numbers()  gp: gr=ellglobalred(E); [[gr[4][i,1],gr[5][i][4]] | i<-[1..#gr[4][,1]]]  magma: TamagawaNumbers(E); Tamagawa product: $$8$$  = $$2\cdot2\cdot2\cdot1$$ sage: E.torsion_order()  gp: elltors(E)[1]  magma: Order(TorsionSubgroup(E)); Torsion order: $$2$$ sage: E.sha().an_numerical()  magma: MordellWeilShaInformation(E); Analytic order of Ш: $$1$$ (exact)

## Modular invariants

sage: E.q_eigenform(20)

gp: xy = elltaniyama(E);

gp: x*deriv(xy[1])/(2*xy[2]+E.a1*xy[1]+E.a3)

magma: ModularForm(E);

$$q - q^{2} - q^{3} + q^{4} - 4q^{5} + q^{6} + q^{7} - q^{8} + q^{9} + 4q^{10} + 2q^{11} - q^{12} + 2q^{13} - q^{14} + 4q^{15} + q^{16} + 2q^{17} - q^{18} - 2q^{19} + O(q^{20})$$

 sage: E.modular_degree()  magma: ModularDegree(E); Modular degree: 192 $$\Gamma_0(N)$$-optimal: yes Manin constant: 1

#### Special L-value

sage: r = E.rank();

sage: E.lseries().dokchitser().derivative(1,r)/r.factorial()

gp: ar = ellanalyticrank(E);

gp: ar[2]/factorial(ar[1])

magma: Lr1 where r,Lr1 := AnalyticRank(E: Precision:=12);

$$L'(E,1)$$ ≈ $$1.37617454787$$

## Local data

This elliptic curve is semistable.

sage: E.local_data()

gp: ellglobalred(E)[5]

magma: [LocalInformation(E,p) : p in BadPrimes(E)];

prime Tamagawa number Kodaira symbol Reduction type Root number ord($$N$$) ord($$\Delta$$) ord$$(j)_{-}$$
$$2$$ $$2$$ $$I_{2}$$ Non-split multiplicative 1 1 2 2
$$3$$ $$2$$ $$I_{4}$$ Non-split multiplicative 1 1 4 4
$$7$$ $$2$$ $$I_{2}$$ Split multiplicative -1 1 2 2
$$23$$ $$1$$ $$I_{1}$$ Split multiplicative -1 1 1 1

## Galois representations

The image of the 2-adic representation attached to this elliptic curve is the subgroup of $\GL(2,\Z_2)$ with Rouse label X16.

This subgroup is the pull-back of the subgroup of $\GL(2,\Z_2/2^3\Z_2)$ generated by $\left(\begin{array}{rr} 1 & 1 \\ 0 & 1 \end{array}\right),\left(\begin{array}{rr} 7 & 0 \\ 0 & 1 \end{array}\right),\left(\begin{array}{rr} 5 & 0 \\ 2 & 1 \end{array}\right)$ and has index 6.

sage: rho = E.galois_representation();

sage: [rho.image_type(p) for p in rho.non_surjective()]

magma: [GaloisRepresentation(E,p): p in PrimesUpTo(20)];

The mod $$p$$ Galois representation has maximal image $$\GL(2,\F_p)$$ for all primes $$p$$ except those listed.

prime Image of Galois representation
$$2$$ B

## $p$-adic data

### $p$-adic regulators

sage: [E.padic_regulator(p) for p in primes(3,20) if E.conductor().valuation(p)<2]

Note: $$p$$-adic regulator data only exists for primes $$p\ge 5$$ of good ordinary reduction.

## Iwasawa invariants

 $p$ Reduction type $\lambda$-invariant(s) $\mu$-invariant(s) 2 3 5 7 11 13 17 19 23 29 31 37 41 43 47 nonsplit nonsplit ordinary split ordinary ordinary ordinary ordinary split ordinary ss ordinary ordinary ordinary ordinary 3 5 1 2 1 1 1 1 2 1 1,1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0,0 0 0 0 0

## Isogenies

This curve has non-trivial cyclic isogenies of degree $$d$$ for $$d=$$ 2.
Its isogeny class 966.a consists of 2 curves linked by isogenies of degree 2.

## Growth of torsion in number fields

The number fields $K$ of degree up to 7 such that $E(K)_{\rm tors}$ is strictly larger than $E(\Q)_{\rm tors}$ $\cong \Z/{2}\Z$ are as follows:

$[K:\Q]$ $K$ $E(K)_{\rm tors}$ Base change curve
$2$ $$\Q(\sqrt{-23})$$ $$\Z/2\Z \times \Z/2\Z$$ Not in database
$4$ 4.2.1472.2 $$\Z/4\Z$$ Not in database

We only show fields where the torsion growth is primitive. For each field $K$ we either show its label, or a defining polynomial when $K$ is not in the database.