# Properties

 Label 768.f2 Conductor $768$ Discriminant $-41472$ j-invariant $$-\frac{8000}{81}$$ CM no Rank $1$ Torsion structure $$\Z/{2}\Z$$

# Related objects

Show commands: Magma / Oscar / PariGP / SageMath

## Simplified equation

 $$y^2=x^3+x^2-3x+9$$ y^2=x^3+x^2-3x+9 (homogenize, simplify) $$y^2z=x^3+x^2z-3xz^2+9z^3$$ y^2z=x^3+x^2z-3xz^2+9z^3 (dehomogenize, simplify) $$y^2=x^3-270x+7344$$ y^2=x^3-270x+7344 (homogenize, minimize)

comment: Define the curve

sage: E = EllipticCurve([0, 1, 0, -3, 9])

gp: E = ellinit([0, 1, 0, -3, 9])

magma: E := EllipticCurve([0, 1, 0, -3, 9]);

oscar: E = EllipticCurve([0, 1, 0, -3, 9])

sage: E.short_weierstrass_model()

magma: WeierstrassModel(E);

oscar: short_weierstrass_model(E)

## Mordell-Weil group structure

$$\Z \oplus \Z/{2}\Z$$

magma: MordellWeilGroup(E);

### Infinite order Mordell-Weil generator and height

 $P$ = $$\left(0, 3\right)$$ (0, 3) $\hat{h}(P)$ ≈ $0.38597252919661524487615072176$

sage: E.gens()

magma: Generators(E);

gp: E.gen

## Torsion generators

$$\left(-3, 0\right)$$

comment: Torsion subgroup

sage: E.torsion_subgroup().gens()

gp: elltors(E)

magma: TorsionSubgroup(E);

oscar: torsion_structure(E)

## Integral points

$$\left(-3, 0\right)$$, $$(0,\pm 3)$$, $$(3,\pm 6)$$, $$(5,\pm 12)$$, $$(72,\pm 615)$$

comment: Integral points

sage: E.integral_points()

magma: IntegralPoints(E);

## Invariants

 Conductor: $$768$$ = $2^{8} \cdot 3$ comment: Conductor  sage: E.conductor().factor()  gp: ellglobalred(E)[1]  magma: Conductor(E);  oscar: conductor(E) Discriminant: $-41472$ = $-1 \cdot 2^{9} \cdot 3^{4}$ comment: Discriminant  sage: E.discriminant().factor()  gp: E.disc  magma: Discriminant(E);  oscar: discriminant(E) j-invariant: $$-\frac{8000}{81}$$ = $-1 \cdot 2^{6} \cdot 3^{-4} \cdot 5^{3}$ comment: j-invariant  sage: E.j_invariant().factor()  gp: E.j  magma: jInvariant(E);  oscar: j_invariant(E) Endomorphism ring: $\Z$ Geometric endomorphism ring: $$\Z$$ (no potential complex multiplication) sage: E.has_cm()  magma: HasComplexMultiplication(E); Sato-Tate group: $\mathrm{SU}(2)$ Faltings height: $-0.43171442438310503261991559624\dots$ gp: ellheight(E)  magma: FaltingsHeight(E);  oscar: faltings_height(E) Stable Faltings height: $-0.95157480980306401468283968733\dots$ magma: StableFaltingsHeight(E);  oscar: stable_faltings_height(E)

## BSD invariants

 Analytic rank: $1$ sage: E.analytic_rank()  gp: ellanalyticrank(E)  magma: AnalyticRank(E); Regulator: $0.38597252919661524487615072176\dots$ comment: Regulator  sage: E.regulator()  G = E.gen \\ if available matdet(ellheightmatrix(E,G))  magma: Regulator(E); Real period: $3.0869981951283722670736651291\dots$ comment: Real Period  sage: E.period_lattice().omega()  gp: if(E.disc>0,2,1)*E.omega[1]  magma: (Discriminant(E) gt 0 select 2 else 1) * RealPeriod(E); Tamagawa product: $8$  = $2\cdot2^{2}$ comment: Tamagawa numbers  sage: E.tamagawa_numbers()  gp: gr=ellglobalred(E); [[gr[4][i,1],gr[5][i][4]] | i<-[1..#gr[4][,1]]]  magma: TamagawaNumbers(E);  oscar: tamagawa_numbers(E) Torsion order: $2$ comment: Torsion order  sage: E.torsion_order()  gp: elltors(E)[1]  magma: Order(TorsionSubgroup(E));  oscar: prod(torsion_structure(E)[1]) Analytic order of Ш: $1$ (exact) comment: Order of Sha  sage: E.sha().an_numerical()  magma: MordellWeilShaInformation(E); Special value: $L'(E,1)$ ≈ $2.3829930019981684592865723611$ comment: Special L-value  r = E.rank(); E.lseries().dokchitser().derivative(1,r)/r.factorial()  gp: [r,L1r] = ellanalyticrank(E); L1r/r!  magma: Lr1 where r,Lr1 := AnalyticRank(E: Precision:=12);

## BSD formula

$\displaystyle 2.382993002 \approx L'(E,1) = \frac{\# Ш(E/\Q)\cdot \Omega_E \cdot \mathrm{Reg}(E/\Q) \cdot \prod_p c_p}{\#E(\Q)_{\rm tor}^2} \approx \frac{1 \cdot 3.086998 \cdot 0.385973 \cdot 8}{2^2} \approx 2.382993002$

# self-contained SageMath code snippet for the BSD formula (checks rank, computes analytic sha)

E = EllipticCurve(%s); r = E.rank(); ar = E.analytic_rank(); assert r == ar;

Lr1 = E.lseries().dokchitser().derivative(1,r)/r.factorial(); sha = E.sha().an_numerical();

omega = E.period_lattice().omega(); reg = E.regulator(); tam = E.tamagawa_product(); tor = E.torsion_order();

assert r == ar; print("analytic sha: " + str(RR(Lr1) * tor^2 / (omega * reg * tam)))

/* self-contained Magma code snippet for the BSD formula (checks rank, computes analyiic sha) */

E := EllipticCurve(%s); r := Rank(E); ar,Lr1 := AnalyticRank(E: Precision := 12); assert r eq ar;

sha := MordellWeilShaInformation(E); omega := RealPeriod(E) * (Discriminant(E) gt 0 select 2 else 1);

reg := Regulator(E); tam := &*TamagawaNumbers(E); tor := #TorsionSubgroup(E);

assert r eq ar; print "analytic sha:", Lr1 * tor^2 / (omega * reg * tam);

## Modular invariants

$$q + q^{3} - 4 q^{7} + q^{9} - 4 q^{11} - 4 q^{13} - 2 q^{17} + 4 q^{19} + O(q^{20})$$

comment: q-expansion of modular form

sage: E.q_eigenform(20)

\\ actual modular form, use for small N

[mf,F] = mffromell(E)

Ser(mfcoefs(mf,20),q)

\\ or just the series

Ser(ellan(E,20),q)*q

magma: ModularForm(E);

Modular degree: 64
comment: Modular degree

sage: E.modular_degree()

gp: ellmoddegree(E)

magma: ModularDegree(E);

$\Gamma_0(N)$-optimal: yes
Manin constant: 1
comment: Manin constant

magma: ManinConstant(E);

## Local data

This elliptic curve is not semistable. There are 2 primes of bad reduction:

prime Tamagawa number Kodaira symbol Reduction type Root number ord($N$) ord($\Delta$) ord$(j)_{-}$
$2$ $2$ $III$ Additive -1 8 9 0
$3$ $4$ $I_{4}$ Split multiplicative -1 1 4 4

comment: Local data

sage: E.local_data()

gp: ellglobalred(E)[5]

magma: [LocalInformation(E,p) : p in BadPrimes(E)];

oscar: [(p,tamagawa_number(E,p), kodaira_symbol(E,p), reduction_type(E,p)) for p in bad_primes(E)]

## Galois representations

The $\ell$-adic Galois representation has maximal image for all primes $\ell$ except those listed in the table below.

prime $\ell$ mod-$\ell$ image $\ell$-adic image
$2$ 2B 8.48.0.205

comment: mod p Galois image

sage: rho = E.galois_representation(); [rho.image_type(p) for p in rho.non_surjective()]

magma: [GaloisRepresentation(E,p): p in PrimesUpTo(20)];

gens = [[1, 0, 8, 1], [17, 8, 20, 9], [2, 13, 9, 2], [1, 4, 4, 17], [10, 23, 1, 18], [3, 8, 16, 3], [1, 8, 0, 1], [17, 8, 16, 9]]

GL(2,Integers(24)).subgroup(gens)

Gens := [[1, 0, 8, 1], [17, 8, 20, 9], [2, 13, 9, 2], [1, 4, 4, 17], [10, 23, 1, 18], [3, 8, 16, 3], [1, 8, 0, 1], [17, 8, 16, 9]];

sub<GL(2,Integers(24))|Gens>;

The image $H:=\rho_E(\Gal(\overline{\Q}/\Q))$ of the adelic Galois representation has label 24.96.1-24.cm.1.1, level $$24 = 2^{3} \cdot 3$$, index $96$, genus $1$, and generators

$\left(\begin{array}{rr} 1 & 0 \\ 8 & 1 \end{array}\right),\left(\begin{array}{rr} 17 & 8 \\ 20 & 9 \end{array}\right),\left(\begin{array}{rr} 2 & 13 \\ 9 & 2 \end{array}\right),\left(\begin{array}{rr} 1 & 4 \\ 4 & 17 \end{array}\right),\left(\begin{array}{rr} 10 & 23 \\ 1 & 18 \end{array}\right),\left(\begin{array}{rr} 3 & 8 \\ 16 & 3 \end{array}\right),\left(\begin{array}{rr} 1 & 8 \\ 0 & 1 \end{array}\right),\left(\begin{array}{rr} 17 & 8 \\ 16 & 9 \end{array}\right)$.

Input positive integer $m$ to see the generators of the reduction of $H$ to $\mathrm{GL}_2(\Z/m\Z)$:

The torsion field $K:=\Q(E[24])$ is a degree-$768$ Galois extension of $\Q$ with $\Gal(K/\Q)$ isomorphic to the projection of $H$ to $\GL_2(\Z/24\Z)$.

## Isogenies

gp: ellisomat(E)

This curve has non-trivial cyclic isogenies of degree $d$ for $d=$ 2.
Its isogeny class 768.f consists of 2 curves linked by isogenies of degree 2.

## Twists

The minimal quadratic twist of this elliptic curve is 768.b2, its twist by $8$.

## Growth of torsion in number fields

The number fields $K$ of degree less than 24 such that $E(K)_{\rm tors}$ is strictly larger than $E(\Q)_{\rm tors}$ $\cong \Z/{2}\Z$ are as follows:

 $[K:\Q]$ $E(K)_{\rm tors}$ Base change curve $K$ $2$ $$\Q(\sqrt{-2})$$ $$\Z/2\Z \oplus \Z/2\Z$$ 2.0.8.1-9216.2-u3 $4$ 4.2.2048.1 $$\Z/4\Z$$ Not in database $4$ 4.0.2048.1 $$\Z/2\Z \oplus \Z/4\Z$$ Not in database $8$ 8.0.16777216.2 $$\Z/4\Z \oplus \Z/4\Z$$ Not in database $8$ 8.0.603979776.4 $$\Z/2\Z \oplus \Z/8\Z$$ Not in database $8$ 8.0.603979776.1 $$\Z/2\Z \oplus \Z/8\Z$$ Not in database $8$ 8.2.2972033482752.20 $$\Z/6\Z$$ Not in database $16$ 16.4.118192468620711297024.2 $$\Z/8\Z$$ Not in database $16$ 16.0.1459166279268040704.1 $$\Z/4\Z \oplus \Z/8\Z$$ Not in database $16$ deg 16 $$\Z/2\Z \oplus \Z/6\Z$$ Not in database

We only show fields where the torsion growth is primitive. For fields not in the database, click on the degree shown to reveal the defining polynomial.

## Iwasawa invariants

 $p$ Reduction type $\lambda$-invariant(s) $\mu$-invariant(s) 2 3 5 7 11 13 17 19 23 29 31 37 41 43 47 add split ss ord ord ord ord ord ord ord ord ord ord ord ord - 2 1,1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 - 0 0,0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

An entry - indicates that the invariants are not computed because the reduction is additive.

## $p$-adic regulators

Note: $p$-adic regulator data only exists for primes $p\ge 5$ of good ordinary reduction.