# Properties

 Label 55.a3 Conductor $55$ Discriminant $3025$ j-invariant $$\frac{8120601}{3025}$$ CM no Rank $0$ Torsion structure $$\Z/{2}\Z \oplus \Z/{2}\Z$$

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Show commands: Magma / Pari/GP / SageMath

## Simplified equation

 $$y^2+xy=x^3-x^2-4x+3$$ y^2+xy=x^3-x^2-4x+3 (homogenize, simplify) $$y^2z+xyz=x^3-x^2z-4xz^2+3z^3$$ y^2z+xyz=x^3-x^2z-4xz^2+3z^3 (dehomogenize, simplify) $$y^2=x^3-67x+126$$ y^2=x^3-67x+126 (homogenize, minimize)

sage: E = EllipticCurve([1, -1, 0, -4, 3])

gp: E = ellinit([1, -1, 0, -4, 3])

magma: E := EllipticCurve([1, -1, 0, -4, 3]);

sage: E.short_weierstrass_model()

magma: WeierstrassModel(E);

## Mordell-Weil group structure

$$\Z/{2}\Z \oplus \Z/{2}\Z$$

## Torsion generators

sage: E.torsion_subgroup().gens()

gp: elltors(E)

magma: TorsionSubgroup(E);

$$\left(-2, 1\right)$$, $$\left(2, -1\right)$$

## Integral points

sage: E.integral_points()

magma: IntegralPoints(E);

$$\left(-2, 1\right)$$, $$\left(2, -1\right)$$

## Invariants

 sage: E.conductor().factor()  gp: ellglobalred(E)[1]  magma: Conductor(E); Conductor: $$55$$ = $5 \cdot 11$ sage: E.discriminant().factor()  gp: E.disc  magma: Discriminant(E); Discriminant: $3025$ = $5^{2} \cdot 11^{2}$ sage: E.j_invariant().factor()  gp: E.j  magma: jInvariant(E); j-invariant: $$\frac{8120601}{3025}$$ = $3^{3} \cdot 5^{-2} \cdot 11^{-2} \cdot 67^{3}$ Endomorphism ring: $\Z$ Geometric endomorphism ring: $$\Z$$ (no potential complex multiplication) Sato-Tate group: $\mathrm{SU}(2)$ Faltings height: $-0.63223907025473155537160347037\dots$ Stable Faltings height: $-0.63223907025473155537160347037\dots$

## BSD invariants

 sage: E.rank()  magma: Rank(E); Analytic rank: $0$ sage: E.regulator()  magma: Regulator(E); Regulator: $1$ sage: E.period_lattice().omega()  gp: E.omega[1]  magma: RealPeriod(E); Real period: $4.1146794247127563394669761001\dots$ sage: E.tamagawa_numbers()  gp: gr=ellglobalred(E); [[gr[4][i,1],gr[5][i][4]] | i<-[1..#gr[4][,1]]]  magma: TamagawaNumbers(E); Tamagawa product: $4$  = $2\cdot2$ sage: E.torsion_order()  gp: elltors(E)[1]  magma: Order(TorsionSubgroup(E)); Torsion order: $4$ sage: E.sha().an_numerical()  magma: MordellWeilShaInformation(E); Analytic order of Ш: $1$ (exact) sage: r = E.rank(); sage: E.lseries().dokchitser().derivative(1,r)/r.factorial()  gp: ar = ellanalyticrank(E); gp: ar[2]/factorial(ar[1])  magma: Lr1 where r,Lr1 := AnalyticRank(E: Precision:=12); Special value: $L(E,1)$ ≈ $1.0286698561781890848667440250$

## Modular invariants

sage: E.q_eigenform(20)

gp: xy = elltaniyama(E);

gp: x*deriv(xy[1])/(2*xy[2]+E.a1*xy[1]+E.a3)

magma: ModularForm(E);

$$q + q^{2} - q^{4} + q^{5} - 3 q^{8} - 3 q^{9} + q^{10} - q^{11} + 2 q^{13} - q^{16} + 6 q^{17} - 3 q^{18} - 4 q^{19} + O(q^{20})$$

For more coefficients, see the Downloads section to the right.

 sage: E.modular_degree()  magma: ModularDegree(E); Modular degree: 2 $\Gamma_0(N)$-optimal: yes Manin constant: 1

## Local data

This elliptic curve is semistable. There are 2 primes of bad reduction:

sage: E.local_data()

gp: ellglobalred(E)[5]

magma: [LocalInformation(E,p) : p in BadPrimes(E)];

prime Tamagawa number Kodaira symbol Reduction type Root number ord($N$) ord($\Delta$) ord$(j)_{-}$
$5$ $2$ $I_{2}$ Split multiplicative -1 1 2 2
$11$ $2$ $I_{2}$ Non-split multiplicative 1 1 2 2

## Galois representations

sage: rho = E.galois_representation();

sage: [rho.image_type(p) for p in rho.non_surjective()]

magma: [GaloisRepresentation(E,p): p in PrimesUpTo(20)];

The $\ell$-adic Galois representation has maximal image for all primes $\ell$ except those listed in the table below.

prime $\ell$ mod-$\ell$ image $\ell$-adic image
$2$ 2Cs 4.12.0.1

## $p$-adic regulators

sage: [E.padic_regulator(p) for p in primes(5,20) if E.conductor().valuation(p)<2]

All $p$-adic regulators are identically $1$ since the rank is $0$.

## Iwasawa invariants

$p$ Reduction type $\lambda$-invariant(s) 2 5 11 ord split nonsplit 0 1 0 0 0 0

All Iwasawa $\lambda$ and $\mu$-invariants for primes $p\ge 3$ of good reduction are zero.

## Isogenies

This curve has non-trivial cyclic isogenies of degree $d$ for $d=$ 2.
Its isogeny class 55.a consists of 4 curves linked by isogenies of degrees dividing 4.

## Growth of torsion in number fields

The number fields $K$ of degree less than 24 such that $E(K)_{\rm tors}$ is strictly larger than $E(\Q)_{\rm tors}$ $\cong \Z/{2}\Z \oplus \Z/{2}\Z$ are as follows:

 $[K:\Q]$ $E(K)_{\rm tors}$ Base change curve $K$ $2$ $$\Q(\sqrt{5})$$ $$\Z/2\Z \oplus \Z/4\Z$$ 2.2.5.1-605.1-c3 $4$ $$\Q(i, \sqrt{11})$$ $$\Z/2\Z \oplus \Z/4\Z$$ Not in database $4$ $$\Q(\sqrt{-5}, \sqrt{11})$$ $$\Z/2\Z \oplus \Z/4\Z$$ Not in database $8$ 8.0.2342560000.1 $$\Z/4\Z \oplus \Z/4\Z$$ Not in database $8$ 8.4.484000000.3 $$\Z/2\Z \oplus \Z/8\Z$$ Not in database $8$ 8.2.20012416875.1 $$\Z/2\Z \oplus \Z/6\Z$$ Not in database $16$ Deg 16 $$\Z/2\Z \oplus \Z/8\Z$$ Not in database $16$ Deg 16 $$\Z/2\Z \oplus \Z/8\Z$$ Not in database $16$ Deg 16 $$\Z/2\Z \oplus \Z/12\Z$$ Not in database

We only show fields where the torsion growth is primitive. For fields not in the database, click on the degree shown to reveal the defining polynomial.