Properties

Label 378.d3
Conductor $378$
Discriminant $-70543872$
j-invariant \( \frac{4492125}{3584} \)
CM no
Rank $0$
Torsion structure trivial

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Minimal Weierstrass equation

Minimal Weierstrass equation

Simplified equation

\(y^2+xy=x^3-x^2+93x-235\) Copy content Toggle raw display (homogenize, simplify)
\(y^2z+xyz=x^3-x^2z+93xz^2-235z^3\) Copy content Toggle raw display (dehomogenize, simplify)
\(y^2=x^3+1485x-13554\) Copy content Toggle raw display (homogenize, minimize)

comment: Define the curve
 
sage: E = EllipticCurve([1, -1, 0, 93, -235])
 
gp: E = ellinit([1, -1, 0, 93, -235])
 
magma: E := EllipticCurve([1, -1, 0, 93, -235]);
 
oscar: E = EllipticCurve([1, -1, 0, 93, -235])
 
sage: E.short_weierstrass_model()
 
magma: WeierstrassModel(E);
 
oscar: short_weierstrass_model(E)
 

Mordell-Weil group structure

trivial

magma: MordellWeilGroup(E);
 

Integral points

None

comment: Integral points
 
sage: E.integral_points()
 
magma: IntegralPoints(E);
 

Invariants

Conductor: \( 378 \)  =  $2 \cdot 3^{3} \cdot 7$
comment: Conductor
 
sage: E.conductor().factor()
 
gp: ellglobalred(E)[1]
 
magma: Conductor(E);
 
oscar: conductor(E)
 
Discriminant: $-70543872 $  =  $-1 \cdot 2^{9} \cdot 3^{9} \cdot 7 $
comment: Discriminant
 
sage: E.discriminant().factor()
 
gp: E.disc
 
magma: Discriminant(E);
 
oscar: discriminant(E)
 
j-invariant: \( \frac{4492125}{3584} \)  =  $2^{-9} \cdot 3^{3} \cdot 5^{3} \cdot 7^{-1} \cdot 11^{3}$
comment: j-invariant
 
sage: E.j_invariant().factor()
 
gp: E.j
 
magma: jInvariant(E);
 
oscar: j_invariant(E)
 
Endomorphism ring: $\Z$
Geometric endomorphism ring: \(\Z\) (no potential complex multiplication)
sage: E.has_cm()
 
magma: HasComplexMultiplication(E);
 
Sato-Tate group: $\mathrm{SU}(2)$
Faltings height: $0.19388385769632813006906179683\dots$
gp: ellheight(E)
 
magma: FaltingsHeight(E);
 
oscar: faltings_height(E)
 
Stable Faltings height: $-0.63007535880475413847737213086\dots$
magma: StableFaltingsHeight(E);
 
oscar: stable_faltings_height(E)
 
$abc$ quality: $1.014071361016312\dots$
Szpiro ratio: $4.2469749567428225\dots$

BSD invariants

Analytic rank: $0$
sage: E.analytic_rank()
 
gp: ellanalyticrank(E)
 
magma: AnalyticRank(E);
 
Regulator: $1$
comment: Regulator
 
sage: E.regulator()
 
G = E.gen \\ if available
 
matdet(ellheightmatrix(E,G))
 
magma: Regulator(E);
 
Real period: $1.0818924749985547079413542853\dots$
comment: Real Period
 
sage: E.period_lattice().omega()
 
gp: if(E.disc>0,2,1)*E.omega[1]
 
magma: (Discriminant(E) gt 0 select 2 else 1) * RealPeriod(E);
 
Tamagawa product: $ 1 $
comment: Tamagawa numbers
 
sage: E.tamagawa_numbers()
 
gp: gr=ellglobalred(E); [[gr[4][i,1],gr[5][i][4]] | i<-[1..#gr[4][,1]]]
 
magma: TamagawaNumbers(E);
 
oscar: tamagawa_numbers(E)
 
Torsion order: $1$
comment: Torsion order
 
sage: E.torsion_order()
 
gp: elltors(E)[1]
 
magma: Order(TorsionSubgroup(E));
 
oscar: prod(torsion_structure(E)[1])
 
Analytic order of Ш: $1$ ( exact)
comment: Order of Sha
 
sage: E.sha().an_numerical()
 
magma: MordellWeilShaInformation(E);
 
Special value: $ L(E,1) $ ≈ $ 1.0818924749985547079413542853 $
comment: Special L-value
 
r = E.rank();
 
E.lseries().dokchitser().derivative(1,r)/r.factorial()
 
gp: [r,L1r] = ellanalyticrank(E); L1r/r!
 
magma: Lr1 where r,Lr1 := AnalyticRank(E: Precision:=12);
 

BSD formula

$\displaystyle 1.081892475 \approx L(E,1) = \frac{\# Ш(E/\Q)\cdot \Omega_E \cdot \mathrm{Reg}(E/\Q) \cdot \prod_p c_p}{\#E(\Q)_{\rm tor}^2} \approx \frac{1 \cdot 1.081892 \cdot 1.000000 \cdot 1}{1^2} \approx 1.081892475$

# self-contained SageMath code snippet for the BSD formula (checks rank, computes analytic sha)
 
E = EllipticCurve(%s); r = E.rank(); ar = E.analytic_rank(); assert r == ar;
 
Lr1 = E.lseries().dokchitser().derivative(1,r)/r.factorial(); sha = E.sha().an_numerical();
 
omega = E.period_lattice().omega(); reg = E.regulator(); tam = E.tamagawa_product(); tor = E.torsion_order();
 
assert r == ar; print("analytic sha: " + str(RR(Lr1) * tor^2 / (omega * reg * tam)))
 
/* self-contained Magma code snippet for the BSD formula (checks rank, computes analyiic sha) */
 
E := EllipticCurve(%s); r := Rank(E); ar,Lr1 := AnalyticRank(E: Precision := 12); assert r eq ar;
 
sha := MordellWeilShaInformation(E); omega := RealPeriod(E) * (Discriminant(E) gt 0 select 2 else 1);
 
reg := Regulator(E); tam := &*TamagawaNumbers(E); tor := #TorsionSubgroup(E);
 
assert r eq ar; print "analytic sha:", Lr1 * tor^2 / (omega * reg * tam);
 

Modular invariants

Modular form   378.2.a.d

\( q - q^{2} + q^{4} + q^{7} - q^{8} + 5 q^{13} - q^{14} + q^{16} - 3 q^{17} + 2 q^{19} + O(q^{20}) \) Copy content Toggle raw display

comment: q-expansion of modular form
 
sage: E.q_eigenform(20)
 
\\ actual modular form, use for small N
 
[mf,F] = mffromell(E)
 
Ser(mfcoefs(mf,20),q)
 
\\ or just the series
 
Ser(ellan(E,20),q)*q
 
magma: ModularForm(E);
 

For more coefficients, see the Downloads section to the right.

Modular degree: 108
comment: Modular degree
 
sage: E.modular_degree()
 
gp: ellmoddegree(E)
 
magma: ModularDegree(E);
 
$ \Gamma_0(N) $-optimal: no
Manin constant: 1
comment: Manin constant
 
magma: ManinConstant(E);
 

Local data

This elliptic curve is not semistable. There are 3 primes of bad reduction:

prime Tamagawa number Kodaira symbol Reduction type Root number ord($N$) ord($\Delta$) ord$(j)_{-}$
$2$ $1$ $I_{9}$ Non-split multiplicative 1 1 9 9
$3$ $1$ $IV^{*}$ Additive 1 3 9 0
$7$ $1$ $I_{1}$ Split multiplicative -1 1 1 1

comment: Local data
 
sage: E.local_data()
 
gp: ellglobalred(E)[5]
 
magma: [LocalInformation(E,p) : p in BadPrimes(E)];
 
oscar: [(p,tamagawa_number(E,p), kodaira_symbol(E,p), reduction_type(E,p)) for p in bad_primes(E)]
 

Galois representations

The $\ell$-adic Galois representation has maximal image for all primes $\ell$ except those listed in the table below.

prime $\ell$ mod-$\ell$ image $\ell$-adic image
$3$ 3B.1.2 9.24.0.3

comment: mod p Galois image
 
sage: rho = E.galois_representation(); [rho.image_type(p) for p in rho.non_surjective()]
 
magma: [GaloisRepresentation(E,p): p in PrimesUpTo(20)];
 

gens = [[1, 18, 0, 1], [1, 18, 10, 181], [10, 9, 81, 73], [109, 234, 243, 11], [487, 18, 486, 19], [1, 0, 18, 1], [127, 18, 135, 163], [445, 18, 225, 7], [253, 18, 261, 163]]
 
GL(2,Integers(504)).subgroup(gens)
 
Gens := [[1, 18, 0, 1], [1, 18, 10, 181], [10, 9, 81, 73], [109, 234, 243, 11], [487, 18, 486, 19], [1, 0, 18, 1], [127, 18, 135, 163], [445, 18, 225, 7], [253, 18, 261, 163]];
 
sub<GL(2,Integers(504))|Gens>;
 

The image $H:=\rho_E(\Gal(\overline{\Q}/\Q))$ of the adelic Galois representation has level \( 504 = 2^{3} \cdot 3^{2} \cdot 7 \), index $144$, genus $3$, and generators

$\left(\begin{array}{rr} 1 & 18 \\ 0 & 1 \end{array}\right),\left(\begin{array}{rr} 1 & 18 \\ 10 & 181 \end{array}\right),\left(\begin{array}{rr} 10 & 9 \\ 81 & 73 \end{array}\right),\left(\begin{array}{rr} 109 & 234 \\ 243 & 11 \end{array}\right),\left(\begin{array}{rr} 487 & 18 \\ 486 & 19 \end{array}\right),\left(\begin{array}{rr} 1 & 0 \\ 18 & 1 \end{array}\right),\left(\begin{array}{rr} 127 & 18 \\ 135 & 163 \end{array}\right),\left(\begin{array}{rr} 445 & 18 \\ 225 & 7 \end{array}\right),\left(\begin{array}{rr} 253 & 18 \\ 261 & 163 \end{array}\right)$.

Input positive integer $m$ to see the generators of the reduction of $H$ to $\mathrm{GL}_2(\Z/m\Z)$:

The torsion field $K:=\Q(E[504])$ is a degree-$83607552$ Galois extension of $\Q$ with $\Gal(K/\Q)$ isomorphic to the projection of $H$ to $\GL_2(\Z/504\Z)$.

Isogenies

gp: ellisomat(E)
 

This curve has non-trivial cyclic isogenies of degree $d$ for $d=$ 3 and 9.
Its isogeny class 378.d consists of 3 curves linked by isogenies of degrees dividing 9.

Twists

This elliptic curve is its own minimal quadratic twist.

Growth of torsion in number fields

The number fields $K$ of degree less than 24 such that $E(K)_{\rm tors}$ is strictly larger than $E(\Q)_{\rm tors}$ (which is trivial) are as follows:

$[K:\Q]$ $K$ $E(K)_{\rm tors}$ Base change curve
$2$ \(\Q(\sqrt{-3}) \) \(\Z/3\Z\) 2.0.3.1-15876.2-d4
$3$ 3.1.1512.1 \(\Z/2\Z\) Not in database
$3$ 3.1.1323.1 \(\Z/3\Z\) Not in database
$6$ 6.0.384072192.1 \(\Z/2\Z \oplus \Z/2\Z\) Not in database
$6$ 6.0.5250987.1 \(\Z/3\Z \oplus \Z/3\Z\) Not in database
$6$ 6.0.47258883.2 \(\Z/9\Z\) Not in database
$6$ 6.0.964467.3 \(\Z/9\Z\) Not in database
$6$ 6.0.6858432.1 \(\Z/6\Z\) Not in database
$9$ 9.1.224084231917056.1 \(\Z/6\Z\) Not in database
$12$ deg 12 \(\Z/4\Z\) Not in database
$12$ deg 12 \(\Z/2\Z \oplus \Z/6\Z\) Not in database
$18$ 18.0.8549394874383196572862347.3 \(\Z/3\Z \oplus \Z/9\Z\) Not in database
$18$ 18.0.150641228981570816786591121408.1 \(\Z/3\Z \oplus \Z/6\Z\) Not in database
$18$ 18.0.109817455927565125437424927506432.1 \(\Z/18\Z\) Not in database
$18$ 18.0.45738215713271605763192389632.1 \(\Z/18\Z\) Not in database
$18$ 18.0.539898164669949807363142579126272.1 \(\Z/2\Z \oplus \Z/6\Z\) Not in database

We only show fields where the torsion growth is primitive. For fields not in the database, click on the degree shown to reveal the defining polynomial.

Iwasawa invariants

$p$ 2 3 7
Reduction type nonsplit add split
$\lambda$-invariant(s) 1 - 1
$\mu$-invariant(s) 0 - 0

All Iwasawa $\lambda$ and $\mu$-invariants for primes $p\ge 5$ of good reduction are zero.

An entry - indicates that the invariants are not computed because the reduction is additive.

$p$-adic regulators

All $p$-adic regulators are identically $1$ since the rank is $0$.