# Properties

 Label 19.a3 Conductor $19$ Discriminant $-19$ j-invariant $$\frac{32768}{19}$$ CM no Rank $0$ Torsion structure $$\Z/{3}\Z$$

# Related objects

Show commands: Magma / Oscar / PariGP / SageMath

## Simplified equation

 $$y^2+y=x^3+x^2+x$$ y^2+y=x^3+x^2+x (homogenize, simplify) $$y^2z+yz^2=x^3+x^2z+xz^2$$ y^2z+yz^2=x^3+x^2z+xz^2 (dehomogenize, simplify) $$y^2=x^3+864x-432$$ y^2=x^3+864x-432 (homogenize, minimize)

comment: Define the curve

sage: E = EllipticCurve([0, 1, 1, 1, 0])

gp: E = ellinit([0, 1, 1, 1, 0])

magma: E := EllipticCurve([0, 1, 1, 1, 0]);

oscar: E = EllipticCurve([0, 1, 1, 1, 0])

sage: E.short_weierstrass_model()

magma: WeierstrassModel(E);

oscar: short_weierstrass_model(E)

## Mordell-Weil group structure

$$\Z/{3}\Z$$

magma: MordellWeilGroup(E);

## Torsion generators

$$\left(0, 0\right)$$

comment: Torsion subgroup

sage: E.torsion_subgroup().gens()

gp: elltors(E)

magma: TorsionSubgroup(E);

oscar: torsion_structure(E)

## Integral points

$$\left(0, 0\right)$$, $$\left(0, -1\right)$$

comment: Integral points

sage: E.integral_points()

magma: IntegralPoints(E);

## Invariants

 Conductor: $$19$$ = $19$ comment: Conductor  sage: E.conductor().factor()  gp: ellglobalred(E)[1]  magma: Conductor(E);  oscar: conductor(E) Discriminant: $-19$ = $-1 \cdot 19$ comment: Discriminant  sage: E.discriminant().factor()  gp: E.disc  magma: Discriminant(E);  oscar: discriminant(E) j-invariant: $$\frac{32768}{19}$$ = $2^{15} \cdot 19^{-1}$ comment: j-invariant  sage: E.j_invariant().factor()  gp: E.j  magma: jInvariant(E);  oscar: j_invariant(E) Endomorphism ring: $\Z$ Geometric endomorphism ring: $$\Z$$ (no potential complex multiplication) sage: E.has_cm()  magma: HasComplexMultiplication(E); Sato-Tate group: $\mathrm{SU}(2)$ Faltings height: $-1.0651731316767918878751503533\dots$ gp: ellheight(E)  magma: FaltingsHeight(E);  oscar: faltings_height(E) Stable Faltings height: $-1.0651731316767918878751503533\dots$ magma: StableFaltingsHeight(E);  oscar: stable_faltings_height(E) $abc$ quality: $1.3175706029138485\dots$ Szpiro ratio: $3.5311337004995735\dots$

## BSD invariants

 Analytic rank: $0$ sage: E.analytic_rank()  gp: ellanalyticrank(E)  magma: AnalyticRank(E); Regulator: $1$ comment: Regulator  sage: E.regulator()  G = E.gen \\ if available matdet(ellheightmatrix(E,G))  magma: Regulator(E); Real period: $4.0792792004649324322095526836\dots$ comment: Real Period  sage: E.period_lattice().omega()  gp: if(E.disc>0,2,1)*E.omega[1]  magma: (Discriminant(E) gt 0 select 2 else 1) * RealPeriod(E); Tamagawa product: $1$ comment: Tamagawa numbers  sage: E.tamagawa_numbers()  gp: gr=ellglobalred(E); [[gr[4][i,1],gr[5][i][4]] | i<-[1..#gr[4][,1]]]  magma: TamagawaNumbers(E);  oscar: tamagawa_numbers(E) Torsion order: $3$ comment: Torsion order  sage: E.torsion_order()  gp: elltors(E)[1]  magma: Order(TorsionSubgroup(E));  oscar: prod(torsion_structure(E)[1]) Analytic order of Ш: $1$ ( exact) comment: Order of Sha  sage: E.sha().an_numerical()  magma: MordellWeilShaInformation(E); Special value: $L(E,1)$ ≈ $0.45325324449610360357883918707$ comment: Special L-value  r = E.rank(); E.lseries().dokchitser().derivative(1,r)/r.factorial()  gp: [r,L1r] = ellanalyticrank(E); L1r/r!  magma: Lr1 where r,Lr1 := AnalyticRank(E: Precision:=12);

## BSD formula

$\displaystyle 0.453253244 \approx L(E,1) = \frac{\# Ш(E/\Q)\cdot \Omega_E \cdot \mathrm{Reg}(E/\Q) \cdot \prod_p c_p}{\#E(\Q)_{\rm tor}^2} \approx \frac{1 \cdot 4.079279 \cdot 1.000000 \cdot 1}{3^2} \approx 0.453253244$

# self-contained SageMath code snippet for the BSD formula (checks rank, computes analytic sha)

E = EllipticCurve(%s); r = E.rank(); ar = E.analytic_rank(); assert r == ar;

Lr1 = E.lseries().dokchitser().derivative(1,r)/r.factorial(); sha = E.sha().an_numerical();

omega = E.period_lattice().omega(); reg = E.regulator(); tam = E.tamagawa_product(); tor = E.torsion_order();

assert r == ar; print("analytic sha: " + str(RR(Lr1) * tor^2 / (omega * reg * tam)))

/* self-contained Magma code snippet for the BSD formula (checks rank, computes analyiic sha) */

E := EllipticCurve(%s); r := Rank(E); ar,Lr1 := AnalyticRank(E: Precision := 12); assert r eq ar;

sha := MordellWeilShaInformation(E); omega := RealPeriod(E) * (Discriminant(E) gt 0 select 2 else 1);

reg := Regulator(E); tam := &*TamagawaNumbers(E); tor := #TorsionSubgroup(E);

assert r eq ar; print "analytic sha:", Lr1 * tor^2 / (omega * reg * tam);

## Modular invariants

$$q - 2 q^{3} - 2 q^{4} + 3 q^{5} - q^{7} + q^{9} + 3 q^{11} + 4 q^{12} - 4 q^{13} - 6 q^{15} + 4 q^{16} - 3 q^{17} + q^{19} + O(q^{20})$$

comment: q-expansion of modular form

sage: E.q_eigenform(20)

\\ actual modular form, use for small N

[mf,F] = mffromell(E)

Ser(mfcoefs(mf,20),q)

\\ or just the series

Ser(ellan(E,20),q)*q

magma: ModularForm(E);

Modular degree: 3
comment: Modular degree

sage: E.modular_degree()

gp: ellmoddegree(E)

magma: ModularDegree(E);

$\Gamma_0(N)$-optimal: no
Manin constant: 3
comment: Manin constant

magma: ManinConstant(E);

## Local data

This elliptic curve is semistable. There is only one prime of bad reduction:

prime Tamagawa number Kodaira symbol Reduction type Root number ord($N$) ord($\Delta$) ord$(j)_{-}$
$19$ $1$ $I_{1}$ Split multiplicative -1 1 1 1

comment: Local data

sage: E.local_data()

gp: ellglobalred(E)[5]

magma: [LocalInformation(E,p) : p in BadPrimes(E)];

oscar: [(p,tamagawa_number(E,p), kodaira_symbol(E,p), reduction_type(E,p)) for p in bad_primes(E)]

## Galois representations

The $\ell$-adic Galois representation has maximal image for all primes $\ell$ except those listed in the table below.

prime $\ell$ mod-$\ell$ image $\ell$-adic image
$3$ 3B.1.1 27.72.0.1

comment: mod p Galois image

sage: rho = E.galois_representation(); [rho.image_type(p) for p in rho.non_surjective()]

magma: [GaloisRepresentation(E,p): p in PrimesUpTo(20)];

gens = [[31, 36, 334, 421], [994, 9, 689, 790], [1, 54, 0, 1], [973, 54, 972, 55], [149, 681, 271, 448], [1, 0, 54, 1], [28, 27, 729, 703]]

GL(2,Integers(1026)).subgroup(gens)

Gens := [[31, 36, 334, 421], [994, 9, 689, 790], [1, 54, 0, 1], [973, 54, 972, 55], [149, 681, 271, 448], [1, 0, 54, 1], [28, 27, 729, 703]];

sub<GL(2,Integers(1026))|Gens>;

The image $H:=\rho_E(\Gal(\overline{\Q}/\Q))$ of the adelic Galois representation has level $$1026 = 2 \cdot 3^{3} \cdot 19$$, index $1296$, genus $43$, and generators

$\left(\begin{array}{rr} 31 & 36 \\ 334 & 421 \end{array}\right),\left(\begin{array}{rr} 994 & 9 \\ 689 & 790 \end{array}\right),\left(\begin{array}{rr} 1 & 54 \\ 0 & 1 \end{array}\right),\left(\begin{array}{rr} 973 & 54 \\ 972 & 55 \end{array}\right),\left(\begin{array}{rr} 149 & 681 \\ 271 & 448 \end{array}\right),\left(\begin{array}{rr} 1 & 0 \\ 54 & 1 \end{array}\right),\left(\begin{array}{rr} 28 & 27 \\ 729 & 703 \end{array}\right)$.

Input positive integer $m$ to see the generators of the reduction of $H$ to $\mathrm{GL}_2(\Z/m\Z)$:

The torsion field $K:=\Q(E[1026])$ is a degree-$179508960$ Galois extension of $\Q$ with $\Gal(K/\Q)$ isomorphic to the projection of $H$ to $\GL_2(\Z/1026\Z)$.

## Isogenies

gp: ellisomat(E)

This curve has non-trivial cyclic isogenies of degree $d$ for $d=$ 3 and 9.
Its isogeny class 19.a consists of 3 curves linked by isogenies of degrees dividing 9.

## Twists

This elliptic curve is its own minimal quadratic twist.

## Growth of torsion in number fields

The number fields $K$ of degree less than 24 such that $E(K)_{\rm tors}$ is strictly larger than $E(\Q)_{\rm tors}$ $\cong \Z/{3}\Z$ are as follows:

 $[K:\Q]$ $E(K)_{\rm tors}$ Base change curve $K$ $3$ 3.1.76.1 $$\Z/6\Z$$ Not in database $3$ 3.3.361.1 $$\Z/9\Z$$ 3.3.361.1-19.1-a3 $6$ 6.0.109744.2 $$\Z/2\Z \oplus \Z/6\Z$$ Not in database $6$ 6.0.3518667.2 $$\Z/3\Z \oplus \Z/3\Z$$ Not in database $6$ 6.0.9747.1 $$\Z/9\Z$$ Not in database $9$ 9.3.57207791296.1 $$\Z/18\Z$$ Not in database $12$ 12.2.937292452593664.2 $$\Z/12\Z$$ Not in database $18$ 18.0.43564677551979246963.1 $$\Z/3\Z \oplus \Z/9\Z$$ Not in database $18$ 18.0.64417171850299425397321728.2 $$\Z/3\Z \oplus \Z/6\Z$$ Not in database $18$ 18.0.494296175215808851968.1 $$\Z/18\Z$$ Not in database $18$ 18.0.62181896314367173832704.1 $$\Z/2\Z \oplus \Z/18\Z$$ Not in database

We only show fields where the torsion growth is primitive.

## Iwasawa invariants

$p$ Reduction type $\lambda$-invariant(s) 2 3 19 ss ord split 0,3 0 1 0,0 0 0

All Iwasawa $\lambda$ and $\mu$-invariants for primes $p\ge 5$ of good reduction are zero.

## $p$-adic regulators

All $p$-adic regulators are identically $1$ since the rank is $0$.