Properties

Label 16.3
Modulus $16$
Conductor $16$
Order $4$
Real no
Primitive yes
Minimal yes
Parity odd

Related objects

Learn more

Show commands: Pari/GP / SageMath
sage: from sage.modular.dirichlet import DirichletCharacter
 
sage: H = DirichletGroup(16, base_ring=CyclotomicField(4))
 
sage: M = H._module
 
sage: chi = DirichletCharacter(H, M([2,3]))
 
pari: [g,chi] = znchar(Mod(3,16))
 

Basic properties

Modulus: \(16\)
Conductor: \(16\)
sage: chi.conductor()
 
pari: znconreyconductor(g,chi)
 
Order: \(4\)
sage: chi.multiplicative_order()
 
pari: charorder(g,chi)
 
Real: no
Primitive: yes
sage: chi.is_primitive()
 
pari: #znconreyconductor(g,chi)==1
 
Minimal: yes
Parity: odd
sage: chi.is_odd()
 
pari: zncharisodd(g,chi)
 

Galois orbit 16.f

\(\chi_{16}(3,\cdot)\) \(\chi_{16}(11,\cdot)\)

sage: chi.galois_orbit()
 
pari: order = charorder(g,chi)
 
pari: [ charpow(g,chi, k % order) | k <-[1..order-1], gcd(k,order)==1 ]
 

Related number fields

Field of values: \(\Q(\sqrt{-1}) \)
Fixed field: 4.0.2048.2

Values on generators

\((15,5)\) → \((-1,-i)\)

Values

\(-1\)\(1\)\(3\)\(5\)\(7\)\(9\)\(11\)\(13\)
\(-1\)\(1\)\(-i\)\(-i\)\(1\)\(-1\)\(i\)\(i\)
sage: chi.jacobi_sum(n)
 
\( \chi_{ 16 }(3,a) \;\) at \(\;a = \) e.g. 2

Gauss sum

sage: chi.gauss_sum(a)
 
pari: znchargauss(g,chi,a)
 
\( \tau_{ a }( \chi_{ 16 }(3,·) )\;\) at \(\;a = \) e.g. 2

Jacobi sum

sage: chi.jacobi_sum(n)
 
\( J(\chi_{ 16 }(3,·),\chi_{ 16 }(n,·)) \;\) for \( \; n = \) e.g. 1

Kloosterman sum

sage: chi.kloosterman_sum(a,b)
 
\(K(a,b,\chi_{ 16 }(3,·)) \;\) at \(\; a,b = \) e.g. 1,2