Properties

Label 156.59
Modulus $156$
Conductor $156$
Order $12$
Real no
Primitive yes
Minimal yes
Parity odd

Related objects

Learn more

Show commands: Pari/GP / SageMath
sage: from sage.modular.dirichlet import DirichletCharacter
 
sage: H = DirichletGroup(156, base_ring=CyclotomicField(12))
 
sage: M = H._module
 
sage: chi = DirichletCharacter(H, M([6,6,11]))
 
pari: [g,chi] = znchar(Mod(59,156))
 

Basic properties

Modulus: \(156\)
Conductor: \(156\)
sage: chi.conductor()
 
pari: znconreyconductor(g,chi)
 
Order: \(12\)
sage: chi.multiplicative_order()
 
pari: charorder(g,chi)
 
Real: no
Primitive: yes
sage: chi.is_primitive()
 
pari: #znconreyconductor(g,chi)==1
 
Minimal: yes
Parity: odd
sage: chi.is_odd()
 
pari: zncharisodd(g,chi)
 

Galois orbit 156.v

\(\chi_{156}(11,\cdot)\) \(\chi_{156}(59,\cdot)\) \(\chi_{156}(71,\cdot)\) \(\chi_{156}(119,\cdot)\)

sage: chi.galois_orbit()
 
pari: order = charorder(g,chi)
 
pari: [ charpow(g,chi, k % order) | k <-[1..order-1], gcd(k,order)==1 ]
 

Related number fields

Field of values: \(\Q(\zeta_{12})\)
Fixed field: 12.0.5351362262028177408.1

Values on generators

\((79,53,145)\) → \((-1,-1,e\left(\frac{11}{12}\right))\)

Values

\(-1\)\(1\)\(5\)\(7\)\(11\)\(17\)\(19\)\(23\)\(25\)\(29\)\(31\)\(35\)
\(-1\)\(1\)\(-i\)\(e\left(\frac{7}{12}\right)\)\(e\left(\frac{5}{12}\right)\)\(e\left(\frac{1}{3}\right)\)\(e\left(\frac{1}{12}\right)\)\(e\left(\frac{1}{6}\right)\)\(-1\)\(e\left(\frac{1}{6}\right)\)\(-i\)\(e\left(\frac{1}{3}\right)\)
sage: chi.jacobi_sum(n)
 
\( \chi_{ 156 }(59,a) \;\) at \(\;a = \) e.g. 2

Gauss sum

sage: chi.gauss_sum(a)
 
pari: znchargauss(g,chi,a)
 
\( \tau_{ a }( \chi_{ 156 }(59,·) )\;\) at \(\;a = \) e.g. 2

Jacobi sum

sage: chi.jacobi_sum(n)
 
\( J(\chi_{ 156 }(59,·),\chi_{ 156 }(n,·)) \;\) for \( \; n = \) e.g. 1

Kloosterman sum

sage: chi.kloosterman_sum(a,b)
 
\(K(a,b,\chi_{ 156 }(59,·)) \;\) at \(\; a,b = \) e.g. 1,2