Properties

Label 146.37
Modulus $146$
Conductor $73$
Order $9$
Real no
Primitive no
Minimal yes
Parity even

Related objects

Learn more about

Show commands for: Pari/GP / SageMath
sage: from sage.modular.dirichlet import DirichletCharacter
 
sage: H = DirichletGroup(146, base_ring=CyclotomicField(18))
 
sage: M = H._module
 
sage: chi = DirichletCharacter(H, M([16]))
 
pari: [g,chi] = znchar(Mod(37,146))
 

Basic properties

Modulus: \(146\)
Conductor: \(73\)
sage: chi.conductor()
 
pari: znconreyconductor(g,chi)
 
Order: \(9\)
sage: chi.multiplicative_order()
 
pari: charorder(g,chi)
 
Real: no
Primitive: no, induced from \(\chi_{73}(37,\cdot)\)
sage: chi.is_primitive()
 
pari: #znconreyconductor(g,chi)==1
 
Minimal: yes
Parity: even
sage: chi.is_odd()
 
pari: zncharisodd(g,chi)
 

Galois orbit 146.g

\(\chi_{146}(37,\cdot)\) \(\chi_{146}(55,\cdot)\) \(\chi_{146}(75,\cdot)\) \(\chi_{146}(77,\cdot)\) \(\chi_{146}(89,\cdot)\) \(\chi_{146}(105,\cdot)\)

sage: chi.galois_orbit()
 
pari: order = charorder(g,chi)
 
pari: [ charpow(g,chi, k % order) | k <-[1..order-1], gcd(k,order)==1 ]
 

Values on generators

\(5\) → \(e\left(\frac{8}{9}\right)\)

Values

\(-1\)\(1\)\(3\)\(5\)\(7\)\(9\)\(11\)\(13\)\(15\)\(17\)\(19\)\(21\)
\(1\)\(1\)\(e\left(\frac{1}{3}\right)\)\(e\left(\frac{8}{9}\right)\)\(e\left(\frac{1}{3}\right)\)\(e\left(\frac{2}{3}\right)\)\(e\left(\frac{8}{9}\right)\)\(e\left(\frac{4}{9}\right)\)\(e\left(\frac{2}{9}\right)\)\(e\left(\frac{2}{3}\right)\)\(e\left(\frac{1}{9}\right)\)\(e\left(\frac{2}{3}\right)\)
value at e.g. 2

Related number fields

Field of values: \(\Q(\zeta_{9})\)
Fixed field: 9.9.806460091894081.1

Gauss sum

sage: chi.gauss_sum(a)
 
pari: znchargauss(g,chi,a)
 
\( \tau_{ a }( \chi_{ 146 }(37,·) )\;\) at \(\;a = \) e.g. 2
\(\displaystyle \tau_{2}(\chi_{146}(37,\cdot)) = \sum_{r\in \Z/146\Z} \chi_{146}(37,r) e\left(\frac{r}{73}\right) = -1.6643229727+8.380335855i \)

Jacobi sum

sage: chi.jacobi_sum(n)
 
\( J(\chi_{ 146 }(37,·),\chi_{ 146 }(n,·)) \;\) for \( \; n = \) e.g. 1
\( \displaystyle J(\chi_{146}(37,\cdot),\chi_{146}(1,\cdot)) = \sum_{r\in \Z/146\Z} \chi_{146}(37,r) \chi_{146}(1,1-r) = 0 \)

Kloosterman sum

sage: chi.kloosterman_sum(a,b)
 
\(K(a,b,\chi_{ 146 }(37,·)) \;\) at \(\; a,b = \) e.g. 1,2
\( \displaystyle K(1,2,\chi_{146}(37,·)) = \sum_{r \in \Z/146\Z} \chi_{146}(37,r) e\left(\frac{1 r + 2 r^{-1}}{146}\right) = 12.5725531178+4.5760351036i \)