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The rank of an elliptic curve $E$ defined over a number field $K$ is the rank of its Mordell-Weil group $E(K)$.

The Mordell-Weil Theorem says that $E(K)$ is a finitely-generated abelian group, hence \[ E(K) \cong E(K)_{tor} \times \Z^r\] where $E(K)_{tor}$ is the finite torsion subgroup of $E(K)$, and $r\geq 0$ is the rank.

Rank is an isogeny invariant: all curves in an isogeny class have the same rank.

Knowl status:
  • Review status: reviewed
  • Last edited by John Cremona on 2019-02-08 10:04:19
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