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A Dirichlet character is a function $$\chi: \Z\to \C$$ together with a positive integer $q$ called the modulus such that $\chi$ is completely multiplicative, i.e. $\chi(mn)=\chi(m)\chi(n)$ for all integers $m$ and $n$, and $\chi$ is periodic modulo $q$, i.e. $\chi(n+q)=\chi(n)$ for all $n$. If $(n,q)>1$ then $\chi(n)=0$, whereas if $(n,q)=1$, then $\chi(n)$ is a root of unity. The character $\chi$ is primitive if its conductor is equal to its modulus.

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• Review status: beta
• Last edited by Andrew Sutherland on 2016-07-02 16:24:07
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