Properties

Degree 2
Conductor $ 2 \cdot 3 \cdot 11 $
Sign $1$
Motivic weight 1
Primitive yes
Self-dual yes
Analytic rank 0

Origins

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Normalization:  

Dirichlet series

L(s)  = 1  + 2-s − 3-s + 4-s + 2·5-s − 6-s − 4·7-s + 8-s + 9-s + 2·10-s − 11-s − 12-s − 6·13-s − 4·14-s − 2·15-s + 16-s + 2·17-s + 18-s + 4·19-s + 2·20-s + 4·21-s − 22-s + 4·23-s − 24-s − 25-s − 6·26-s − 27-s − 4·28-s + ⋯
L(s)  = 1  + 0.707·2-s − 0.577·3-s + 1/2·4-s + 0.894·5-s − 0.408·6-s − 1.51·7-s + 0.353·8-s + 1/3·9-s + 0.632·10-s − 0.301·11-s − 0.288·12-s − 1.66·13-s − 1.06·14-s − 0.516·15-s + 1/4·16-s + 0.485·17-s + 0.235·18-s + 0.917·19-s + 0.447·20-s + 0.872·21-s − 0.213·22-s + 0.834·23-s − 0.204·24-s − 1/5·25-s − 1.17·26-s − 0.192·27-s − 0.755·28-s + ⋯

Functional equation

\[\begin{aligned} \Lambda(s)=\mathstrut & 66 ^{s/2} \, \Gamma_{\C}(s) \, L(s)\cr =\mathstrut & \, \Lambda(2-s) \end{aligned} \]
\[\begin{aligned} \Lambda(s)=\mathstrut & 66 ^{s/2} \, \Gamma_{\C}(s+1/2) \, L(s)\cr =\mathstrut & \, \Lambda(1-s) \end{aligned} \]

Invariants

\( d \)  =  \(2\)
\( N \)  =  \(66\)    =    \(2 \cdot 3 \cdot 11\)
\( \varepsilon \)  =  $1$
motivic weight  =  \(1\)
character  :  $\chi_{66} (1, \cdot )$
Sato-Tate  :  $\mathrm{SU}(2)$
primitive  :  yes
self-dual  :  yes
analytic rank  =  0
Selberg data  =  $(2,\ 66,\ (\ :1/2),\ 1)$
$L(1)$  $\approx$  $1.102192530$
$L(\frac12)$  $\approx$  $1.102192530$
$L(\frac{3}{2})$   not available
$L(1)$   not available

Euler product

\[L(s) = \prod_{p \text{ prime}} F_p(p^{-s})^{-1} \] where, for $p \notin \{2,\;3,\;11\}$, \[F_p(T) = 1 - a_p T + p T^2 .\]If $p \in \{2,\;3,\;11\}$, then $F_p$ is a polynomial of degree at most 1.
$p$$F_p$
bad2 \( 1 - T \)
3 \( 1 + T \)
11 \( 1 + T \)
good5 \( 1 - 2 T + p T^{2} \)
7 \( 1 + 4 T + p T^{2} \)
13 \( 1 + 6 T + p T^{2} \)
17 \( 1 - 2 T + p T^{2} \)
19 \( 1 - 4 T + p T^{2} \)
23 \( 1 - 4 T + p T^{2} \)
29 \( 1 - 6 T + p T^{2} \)
31 \( 1 + p T^{2} \)
37 \( 1 - 6 T + p T^{2} \)
41 \( 1 + 6 T + p T^{2} \)
43 \( 1 - 4 T + p T^{2} \)
47 \( 1 + 12 T + p T^{2} \)
53 \( 1 - 2 T + p T^{2} \)
59 \( 1 - 12 T + p T^{2} \)
61 \( 1 + 14 T + p T^{2} \)
67 \( 1 - 4 T + p T^{2} \)
71 \( 1 + 12 T + p T^{2} \)
73 \( 1 + 6 T + p T^{2} \)
79 \( 1 + 4 T + p T^{2} \)
83 \( 1 - 4 T + p T^{2} \)
89 \( 1 - 10 T + p T^{2} \)
97 \( 1 + 14 T + p T^{2} \)
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\[\begin{aligned} L(s) = \prod_p \ \prod_{j=1}^{2} (1 - \alpha_{j,p}\, p^{-s})^{-1} \end{aligned}\]

Imaginary part of the first few zeros on the critical line

−19.91644863653972, −19.07980463470077, −17.75124087241861, −16.77271160300709, −16.01291296560110, −14.77427121841588, −13.55277453788152, −12.76064311034148, −11.85600244708105, −10.17335307448534, −9.626249861423628, −7.247653973069510, −6.156852761637085, −5.032200484160441, −2.908472192858214, 2.908472192858214, 5.032200484160441, 6.156852761637085, 7.247653973069510, 9.626249861423628, 10.17335307448534, 11.85600244708105, 12.76064311034148, 13.55277453788152, 14.77427121841588, 16.01291296560110, 16.77271160300709, 17.75124087241861, 19.07980463470077, 19.91644863653972

Graph of the $Z$-function along the critical line