Properties

Conductor 31
Order 6
Real No
Primitive No
Parity Odd
Orbit Label 93.i

Related objects

Learn more about

Show commands for: SageMath / Pari/GP
sage: from dirichlet_conrey import DirichletGroup_conrey # requires nonstandard Sage package to be installed
sage: H = DirichletGroup_conrey(93)
sage: chi = H[88]
pari: [g,chi] = znchar(Mod(88,93))

Basic properties

sage: chi.conductor()
pari: znconreyconductor(g,chi)
Conductor = 31
sage: chi.multiplicative_order()
pari: charorder(g,chi)
Order = 6
Real = No
sage: chi.is_primitive()
pari: #znconreyconductor(g,chi)==1 \\ if not primitive returns [cond,factorization]
Primitive = No
sage: chi.is_odd()
pari: zncharisodd(g,chi)
Parity = Odd
Orbit label = 93.i
Orbit index = 9

Galois orbit

sage: chi.sage_character().galois_orbit()
pari: order = charorder(g,chi)
pari: [ charpow(g,chi, k % order) | k <-[1..order-1], gcd(k,order)==1 ]

\(\chi_{93}(37,\cdot)\) \(\chi_{93}(88,\cdot)\)

Inducing primitive character

\(\chi_{31}(26,\cdot)\)

Values on generators

\((32,34)\) → \((1,e\left(\frac{1}{6}\right))\)

Values

-11245781011131416
\(-1\)\(1\)\(1\)\(1\)\(e\left(\frac{1}{3}\right)\)\(e\left(\frac{2}{3}\right)\)\(1\)\(e\left(\frac{1}{3}\right)\)\(e\left(\frac{5}{6}\right)\)\(e\left(\frac{5}{6}\right)\)\(e\left(\frac{2}{3}\right)\)\(1\)
value at  e.g. 2

Related number fields

Field of values \(\Q(\zeta_{3})\)

Gauss sum

sage: chi.sage_character().gauss_sum(a)
pari: znchargauss(g,chi,a)
\( \tau_{ a }( \chi_{ 93 }(88,·) )\;\) at \(\;a = \) e.g. 2
\(\displaystyle \tau_{2}(\chi_{93}(88,\cdot)) = \sum_{r\in \Z/93\Z} \chi_{93}(88,r) e\left(\frac{2r}{93}\right) = 5.3530012805+1.531462468i \)

Jacobi sum

sage: chi.sage_character().jacobi_sum(n)
\( J(\chi_{ 93 }(88,·),\chi_{ 93 }(n,·)) \;\) for \( \; n = \) e.g. 1
\( \displaystyle J(\chi_{93}(88,\cdot),\chi_{93}(1,\cdot)) = \sum_{r\in \Z/93\Z} \chi_{93}(88,r) \chi_{93}(1,1-r) = -1 \)

Kloosterman sum

sage: chi.sage_character().kloosterman_sum(a,b)
\(K(a,b,\chi_{ 93 }(88,·)) \;\) at \(\; a,b = \) e.g. 1,2
\( \displaystyle K(1,2,\chi_{93}(88,·)) = \sum_{r \in \Z/93\Z} \chi_{93}(88,r) e\left(\frac{1 r + 2 r^{-1}}{93}\right) = -0.3783468477i \)