Properties

Modulus 74
Conductor 37
Order 2
Real yes
Primitive no
Minimal yes
Parity even
Orbit label 74.b

Related objects

Learn more about

Show commands for: Pari/GP / SageMath
sage: from sage.modular.dirichlet import DirichletCharacter
 
sage: H = DirichletGroup(74)
 
sage: M = H._module
 
sage: chi = DirichletCharacter(H, M([1]))
 
pari: [g,chi] = znchar(Mod(73,74))
 

Basic properties

sage: chi.conductor()
 
pari: znconreyconductor(g,chi)
 
Modulus = 74
Conductor = 37
sage: chi.multiplicative_order()
 
pari: charorder(g,chi)
 
Order = 2
Real = yes
sage: chi.is_primitive()
 
pari: #znconreyconductor(g,chi)==1 \\ if not primitive returns [cond,factorization]
 
Primitive = no
Minimal = yes
sage: chi.is_odd()
 
pari: zncharisodd(g,chi)
 
Parity = even
Orbit label = 74.b
Orbit index = 2

Galois orbit

sage: chi.galois_orbit()
 
pari: order = charorder(g,chi)
 
pari: [ charpow(g,chi, k % order) | k <-[1..order-1], gcd(k,order)==1 ]
 

\(\chi_{74}(73,\cdot)\)

Values on generators

\(39\) → \(-1\)

Values

-113579111315171921
\(1\)\(1\)\(1\)\(-1\)\(1\)\(1\)\(1\)\(-1\)\(-1\)\(-1\)\(-1\)\(1\)
value at  e.g. 2

Related number fields

Field of values \(\Q\)

Gauss sum

sage: chi.gauss_sum(a)
 
pari: znchargauss(g,chi,a)
 
\( \tau_{ a }( \chi_{ 74 }(73,·) )\;\) at \(\;a = \) e.g. 2
\(\displaystyle \tau_{2}(\chi_{74}(73,\cdot)) = \sum_{r\in \Z/74\Z} \chi_{74}(73,r) e\left(\frac{r}{37}\right) = 6.0827625303 \)

Jacobi sum

sage: chi.jacobi_sum(n)
 
\( J(\chi_{ 74 }(73,·),\chi_{ 74 }(n,·)) \;\) for \( \; n = \) e.g. 1
\( \displaystyle J(\chi_{74}(73,\cdot),\chi_{74}(1,\cdot)) = \sum_{r\in \Z/74\Z} \chi_{74}(73,r) \chi_{74}(1,1-r) = 0 \)

Kloosterman sum

sage: chi.kloosterman_sum(a,b)
 
\(K(a,b,\chi_{ 74 }(73,·)) \;\) at \(\; a,b = \) e.g. 1,2
\( \displaystyle K(1,2,\chi_{74}(73,·)) = \sum_{r \in \Z/74\Z} \chi_{74}(73,r) e\left(\frac{1 r + 2 r^{-1}}{74}\right) = 0.0 \)