Properties

Modulus 53
Conductor 53
Order 13
Real no
Primitive yes
Minimal yes
Parity even
Orbit label 53.d

Related objects

Learn more about

Show commands for: Pari/GP / SageMath
sage: from sage.modular.dirichlet import DirichletCharacter
 
sage: H = DirichletGroup(53)
 
sage: M = H._module
 
sage: chi = DirichletCharacter(H, M([9]))
 
pari: [g,chi] = znchar(Mod(36,53))
 

Basic properties

sage: chi.conductor()
 
pari: znconreyconductor(g,chi)
 
Modulus = 53
Conductor = 53
sage: chi.multiplicative_order()
 
pari: charorder(g,chi)
 
Order = 13
Real = no
sage: chi.is_primitive()
 
pari: #znconreyconductor(g,chi)==1 \\ if not primitive returns [cond,factorization]
 
Primitive = yes
Minimal = yes
sage: chi.is_odd()
 
pari: zncharisodd(g,chi)
 
Parity = even
Orbit label = 53.d
Orbit index = 4

Galois orbit

sage: chi.galois_orbit()
 
pari: order = charorder(g,chi)
 
pari: [ charpow(g,chi, k % order) | k <-[1..order-1], gcd(k,order)==1 ]
 

\(\chi_{53}(10,\cdot)\) \(\chi_{53}(13,\cdot)\) \(\chi_{53}(15,\cdot)\) \(\chi_{53}(16,\cdot)\) \(\chi_{53}(24,\cdot)\) \(\chi_{53}(28,\cdot)\) \(\chi_{53}(36,\cdot)\) \(\chi_{53}(42,\cdot)\) \(\chi_{53}(44,\cdot)\) \(\chi_{53}(46,\cdot)\) \(\chi_{53}(47,\cdot)\) \(\chi_{53}(49,\cdot)\)

Values on generators

\(2\) → \(e\left(\frac{9}{13}\right)\)

Values

-11234567891011
\(1\)\(1\)\(e\left(\frac{9}{13}\right)\)\(e\left(\frac{10}{13}\right)\)\(e\left(\frac{5}{13}\right)\)\(e\left(\frac{7}{13}\right)\)\(e\left(\frac{6}{13}\right)\)\(e\left(\frac{9}{13}\right)\)\(e\left(\frac{1}{13}\right)\)\(e\left(\frac{7}{13}\right)\)\(e\left(\frac{3}{13}\right)\)\(e\left(\frac{2}{13}\right)\)
value at  e.g. 2

Related number fields

Field of values \(\Q(\zeta_{13})\)

Gauss sum

sage: chi.gauss_sum(a)
 
pari: znchargauss(g,chi,a)
 
\( \tau_{ a }( \chi_{ 53 }(36,·) )\;\) at \(\;a = \) e.g. 2
\(\displaystyle \tau_{2}(\chi_{53}(36,\cdot)) = \sum_{r\in \Z/53\Z} \chi_{53}(36,r) e\left(\frac{2r}{53}\right) = 3.7523898334+-6.2385551643i \)

Jacobi sum

sage: chi.jacobi_sum(n)
 
\( J(\chi_{ 53 }(36,·),\chi_{ 53 }(n,·)) \;\) for \( \; n = \) e.g. 1
\( \displaystyle J(\chi_{53}(36,\cdot),\chi_{53}(1,\cdot)) = \sum_{r\in \Z/53\Z} \chi_{53}(36,r) \chi_{53}(1,1-r) = -1 \)

Kloosterman sum

sage: chi.kloosterman_sum(a,b)
 
\(K(a,b,\chi_{ 53 }(36,·)) \;\) at \(\; a,b = \) e.g. 1,2
\( \displaystyle K(1,2,\chi_{53}(36,·)) = \sum_{r \in \Z/53\Z} \chi_{53}(36,r) e\left(\frac{1 r + 2 r^{-1}}{53}\right) = 3.4139157948+-4.9459108928i \)