Properties

Conductor 37
Order 6
Real No
Primitive Yes
Parity Even
Orbit Label 37.e

Related objects

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Show commands for: SageMath / Pari/GP
sage: from dirichlet_conrey import DirichletGroup_conrey # requires nonstandard Sage package to be installed
sage: H = DirichletGroup_conrey(37)
sage: chi = H[11]
pari: [g,chi] = znchar(Mod(11,37))

Basic properties

sage: chi.conductor()
pari: znconreyconductor(g,chi)
Conductor = 37
sage: chi.multiplicative_order()
pari: charorder(g,chi)
Order = 6
Real = No
sage: chi.is_primitive()
pari: #znconreyconductor(g,chi)==1 \\ if not primitive returns [cond,factorization]
Primitive = Yes
sage: chi.is_odd()
pari: zncharisodd(g,chi)
Parity = Even
Orbit label = 37.e
Orbit index = 5

Galois orbit

sage: chi.sage_character().galois_orbit()
pari: order = charorder(g,chi)
pari: [ charpow(g,chi, k % order) | k <-[1..order-1], gcd(k,order)==1 ]

\(\chi_{37}(11,\cdot)\) \(\chi_{37}(27,\cdot)\)

Values on generators

\(2\) → \(e\left(\frac{5}{6}\right)\)

Values

-11234567891011
\(1\)\(1\)\(e\left(\frac{5}{6}\right)\)\(e\left(\frac{2}{3}\right)\)\(e\left(\frac{2}{3}\right)\)\(e\left(\frac{1}{6}\right)\)\(-1\)\(e\left(\frac{2}{3}\right)\)\(-1\)\(e\left(\frac{1}{3}\right)\)\(1\)\(1\)
value at  e.g. 2

Related number fields

Field of values \(\Q(\zeta_{3})\)

Gauss sum

sage: chi.sage_character().gauss_sum(a)
pari: znchargauss(g,chi,a)
\( \tau_{ a }( \chi_{ 37 }(11,·) )\;\) at \(\;a = \) e.g. 2
\(\displaystyle \tau_{2}(\chi_{37}(11,\cdot)) = \sum_{r\in \Z/37\Z} \chi_{37}(11,r) e\left(\frac{2r}{37}\right) = 4.438258909+-4.1595501988i \)

Jacobi sum

sage: chi.sage_character().jacobi_sum(n)
\( J(\chi_{ 37 }(11,·),\chi_{ 37 }(n,·)) \;\) for \( \; n = \) e.g. 1
\( \displaystyle J(\chi_{37}(11,\cdot),\chi_{37}(1,\cdot)) = \sum_{r\in \Z/37\Z} \chi_{37}(11,r) \chi_{37}(1,1-r) = -1 \)

Kloosterman sum

sage: chi.sage_character().kloosterman_sum(a,b)
\(K(a,b,\chi_{ 37 }(11,·)) \;\) at \(\; a,b = \) e.g. 1,2
\( \displaystyle K(1,2,\chi_{37}(11,·)) = \sum_{r \in \Z/37\Z} \chi_{37}(11,r) e\left(\frac{1 r + 2 r^{-1}}{37}\right) = -4.2525843004+2.4552306906i \)