Properties

Label 128.33
Modulus $128$
Conductor $16$
Order $4$
Real no
Primitive no
Minimal no
Parity even

Related objects

Learn more about

Show commands for: Pari/GP / SageMath
sage: from sage.modular.dirichlet import DirichletCharacter
 
sage: H = DirichletGroup(128)
 
sage: M = H._module
 
sage: chi = DirichletCharacter(H, M([0,3]))
 
pari: [g,chi] = znchar(Mod(33,128))
 

Basic properties

Modulus: \(128\)
Conductor: \(16\)
sage: chi.conductor()
 
pari: znconreyconductor(g,chi)
 
Order: \(4\)
sage: chi.multiplicative_order()
 
pari: charorder(g,chi)
 
Real: no
Primitive: no, induced from \(\chi_{16}(13,\cdot)\)
sage: chi.is_primitive()
 
pari: #znconreyconductor(g,chi)==1
 
Minimal: no
Parity: even
sage: chi.is_odd()
 
pari: zncharisodd(g,chi)
 

Galois orbit 128.e

\(\chi_{128}(33,\cdot)\) \(\chi_{128}(97,\cdot)\)

sage: chi.galois_orbit()
 
pari: order = charorder(g,chi)
 
pari: [ charpow(g,chi, k % order) | k <-[1..order-1], gcd(k,order)==1 ]
 

Values on generators

\((127,5)\) → \((1,-i)\)

Values

\(-1\)\(1\)\(3\)\(5\)\(7\)\(9\)\(11\)\(13\)\(15\)\(17\)\(19\)\(21\)
\(1\)\(1\)\(i\)\(-i\)\(-1\)\(-1\)\(-i\)\(i\)\(1\)\(1\)\(i\)\(-i\)
value at e.g. 2

Related number fields

Field of values: \(\Q(\sqrt{-1}) \)
Fixed field: \(\Q(\zeta_{16})^+\)

Gauss sum

sage: chi.gauss_sum(a)
 
pari: znchargauss(g,chi,a)
 
\( \tau_{ a }( \chi_{ 128 }(33,·) )\;\) at \(\;a = \) e.g. 2
\(\displaystyle \tau_{2}(\chi_{128}(33,\cdot)) = \sum_{r\in \Z/128\Z} \chi_{128}(33,r) e\left(\frac{r}{64}\right) = 0.0 \)

Jacobi sum

sage: chi.jacobi_sum(n)
 
\( J(\chi_{ 128 }(33,·),\chi_{ 128 }(n,·)) \;\) for \( \; n = \) e.g. 1
\( \displaystyle J(\chi_{128}(33,\cdot),\chi_{128}(1,\cdot)) = \sum_{r\in \Z/128\Z} \chi_{128}(33,r) \chi_{128}(1,1-r) = 0 \)

Kloosterman sum

sage: chi.kloosterman_sum(a,b)
 
\(K(a,b,\chi_{ 128 }(33,·)) \;\) at \(\; a,b = \) e.g. 1,2
\( \displaystyle K(1,2,\chi_{128}(33,·)) = \sum_{r \in \Z/128\Z} \chi_{128}(33,r) e\left(\frac{1 r + 2 r^{-1}}{128}\right) = -0.0 \)